Biodegradable drug-eluting poly[lactic-co-glycol acid] nanofibers for the sustainable delivery of vancomycin to brain tissue: In vitro and in vivo studies

Yuan Yun Tseng, Yu Chun Kao, Jun Yi Liao, Wei An Chen, Shih Jung Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Successful treatment of a brain infection requires aspiration of the pus or excision of the abscess, followed by long-term (usually 4-8 weeks) parenteral antibiotic treatment. Local antibiotic delivery using biodegradable drug-impregnated carriers is effective in treating postoperative infections, thereby reducing the toxicity associated with parenteral antibiotic treatment and the expense involved with long-term hospitalization. We have developed vancomycin-loaded, biodegradable poly[lactic-co-glycol acid] nanofibrous membranes for the sustainable delivery of vancomycin to the brain tissue of rats by using the electrospinning technique. A high-performance liquid chromatography assay was employed to characterize the in vitro and in vivo release behaviors of pharmaceuticals from the membranes. The experimental results suggested that the biodegradable nanofibers can release high concentrations of vancomycin for more than 8 weeks in the cerebral cavity of rats. Furthermore, the membranes can cover the wall of the cavity after the removal of abscess more completely and achieve better drug delivery without inducing adverse mass effects in the brain. Histological examination also showed no inflammation reaction of the brain tissues. By adopting the biodegradable, nanofibrous drug-eluting membranes, we will be able to achieve long-term deliveries of various antibiotics in the cerebral cavity to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of cerebral infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1314-1321
Number of pages8
JournalACS Chemical Neuroscience
Volume4
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 18 2013

Keywords

  • biodegradable
  • Brain abscess
  • cerebral infection
  • nanofibers
  • poly[lactic- co -glycol acid]
  • vancomycin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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