Background: Biliary complications are a major problem in pediatric liver transplantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the management and outcomes of biliary complication after pediatric living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Methods: From 1994 to 2010, 157 pediatric LDLT due to biliary atresia were performed in our center. Doppler ultrasound was initially performed daily for 2 weeks postoperatively to evaluate biliary and vascular complications. Computed tomography and or magnetic resonance cholangiography were performed when complications were suspected. They were treated using radiological or surgical interventions. Results: Among the 157 cases, we observed 10 (6.3%) biliary complications, which were divided into three groups: bile leakage (n = 3); biliary stricture without vascular complication (n = 4); and biliary stricture with vascular complication (n = 3). The three cases bile leakages recovered after interventional procedures. The seven biliary strictures underwent percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD). All cases without vascular complications were completely cured after PTCD or a subsequent surgical re-anastomosis. In the vascular complication group, early recorrection of the HA occlusion with successful PTCD treatment were performed in two cases, but one other case with diffuse ischemic biliary destruction had a poor result. Conclusion: Successful interventional radiographic approaches are effective for anastomotic biliary complications but with poor results in diffuse ischemic biliary destruction.
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas