Bilateral Renal Infarction in Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia on Blast Crisis

Tzung Hai Yen, Chiz Tzung Chang, Koon Kwan Ng, Mai Su Wu

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The major complications of myelodysplastic syndromes are related to cytopenia and evolution to acute myeloid leukemia. Bleeding episodes in MDS, although relatively uncommon, are often related to thrombocytopenia. Bleeding may be exacerbated by platelet dysfunction, which is also found frequently. Furthermore, the major hemostatic problem underlying hyperleukocytosis, as evident in patients with MDS on blast crisis, appears to be hemorrhage rather than thrombosis. Acute thromboembolism, which causes occlusion of blood supply and organ infarction, has rarely been observed in patients with MDS. Recently, we encountered an elderly female patient, who had chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with marked myelodysplasia, terminating in blast crisis and bilateral renal infarction. This complication rapidly led to oliguric acute renal failure and mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1029-1035
Number of pages7
JournalRenal Failure
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Acute renal failure
  • Blast crisis
  • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome
  • Renal infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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