Bifunctional magnetic silica nanoparticles for highly efficient human stem cell labeling

Chen Wen Lu, Yann Hung, Jong Kai Hsiao, Ming Yao, Tsai Hua Chung, Yu Shen Lin, Si Han Wu, Szu Chun Hsu, Hon Man Liu, Chung Yuan Mou, Chung Shi Yang, Dong Ming Huang, Yao Chang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

447 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticle is emerging as an ideal probe for noninvasive cell tracking. However, its low intracellular labeling efficiency has limited the potential usage and has evoked great interest in developing new labeling strategies. We have developed fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-incorporated silica-coated core-shell SPIO nanoparticles, SPIO@SiO 2(FITC), with diameters of 50 nm, as a bifunctionally magnetic vector that can efficiently label human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), via clathrin- and actin-dependent endocytosis with subsequent intracellular localization in late endosomes/lysosomes. The uptake process displays a time- and dose-dependent behavior. In our system, SPIO@SiO2(FITC) nanoparticles induce sufficient cell MRI contrast at an incubation dosage as low as 0.5 μg of iron/ml of culture medium with 1.2 × 105 hMSCs, and the in vitro detection threshold of cell number is about 1 × 104 cells. Furthermore, 1.2 × 105 labeled cells can also be MRI-detected in a subcutaneous model in vivo. Labeled hMSCs are unaffected in their viability, proliferation, and differentiation capacities into adipocytes and osteocytes which can still be readily MRI detected. This is the first report that hMSCs can be efficiently labeled with MRI contrast nanoparticles and can be monitored in vitro and in vivo with a clinical 1.5-T MRI imager under low incubation concentration of iron oxide, short incubation time, and low detection cell numbers at the same time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-154
Number of pages6
JournalNano Letters
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

stem cells
Stem cells
Iron oxides
Silicon Dioxide
Magnetic resonance imaging
Labeling
marking
iron oxides
Silica
Nanoparticles
silicon dioxide
nanoparticles
Fluorescein
cells
Clathrin
lysosomes
dosage
culture media
Cell culture
Image sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Lu, C. W., Hung, Y., Hsiao, J. K., Yao, M., Chung, T. H., Lin, Y. S., ... Chen, Y. C. (2007). Bifunctional magnetic silica nanoparticles for highly efficient human stem cell labeling. Nano Letters, 7(1), 149-154. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0624263

Bifunctional magnetic silica nanoparticles for highly efficient human stem cell labeling. / Lu, Chen Wen; Hung, Yann; Hsiao, Jong Kai; Yao, Ming; Chung, Tsai Hua; Lin, Yu Shen; Wu, Si Han; Hsu, Szu Chun; Liu, Hon Man; Mou, Chung Yuan; Yang, Chung Shi; Huang, Dong Ming; Chen, Yao Chang.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 7, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 149-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lu, CW, Hung, Y, Hsiao, JK, Yao, M, Chung, TH, Lin, YS, Wu, SH, Hsu, SC, Liu, HM, Mou, CY, Yang, CS, Huang, DM & Chen, YC 2007, 'Bifunctional magnetic silica nanoparticles for highly efficient human stem cell labeling', Nano Letters, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 149-154. https://doi.org/10.1021/nl0624263
Lu, Chen Wen ; Hung, Yann ; Hsiao, Jong Kai ; Yao, Ming ; Chung, Tsai Hua ; Lin, Yu Shen ; Wu, Si Han ; Hsu, Szu Chun ; Liu, Hon Man ; Mou, Chung Yuan ; Yang, Chung Shi ; Huang, Dong Ming ; Chen, Yao Chang. / Bifunctional magnetic silica nanoparticles for highly efficient human stem cell labeling. In: Nano Letters. 2007 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 149-154.
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