Abstract

Induced brown adipocytes (also referred to as beige cells) execute thermogenesis, as do the classical adipocytes by consuming stored lipids, being related to metabolic homeostasis. Treatment of phytochemicals, including berberine (BBR), was reported to induce conversion from white adipocytes to beige cells. In this study, results of microRNA (miRNA)-seq analyses revealed a decrease in miR-92a, of which the transcription is driven by the c13orf25 promoter in BBR-treated 3T3-L1 cells. BBR treatment manipulated the expressions of SP1 and MYC, in turn, reducing the activity of the c13orf25 promoter. A decrease in miR-92a led to an increase in RNA-binding motif protein 4a (RBM4a) expression, which facilitated the beige adipogenesis. Overexpression of miR-92a or depletion of RBM4a reversely interfered with the impact of BBR treatment on the beige adipogenic signatures, gene expressions, and splicing events in 3T3-L1 cells. Our findings demonstrated that BBR treatment enhanced beige adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells through transcription-coupled post-transcriptional regulation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCells
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 23 2019

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Keywords

  • 3T3-L1 Cells
  • Adipocytes, Beige/drug effects
  • Adipocytes, Brown/drug effects
  • Adipogenesis/drug effects
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Berberine/pharmacology
  • Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects
  • Mice
  • MicroRNAs/genetics
  • Open Reading Frames/genetics
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics
  • RNA Splicing/drug effects
  • RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic/drug effects

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