Avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke among pregnant Taiwanese women

Knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior

Ching-Min Chen, Pi-Hsia Lee, Yu-Hua Chou, Shu Fen Kuo, Yu Hien Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The issue of active and passive cigarette smoking among pregnant women at home has become a major source of debate. The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke and related factors among pregnant women in Taiwan. Methods: A cross-sectional research design was used. Women (n = 281) visiting the outpatient antenatal clinics of one regional hospital and two medical centers in Taipei for routine obstetrical care volunteered to fill out questionnaires. Results: Participants on average had little knowledge of this issue and felt less than "very confident" in resisting environmental tobacco smoke and indicated that it was only "usually true" that they practiced avoidance behaviors. The knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke were all related to both the woman and her partner's educational levels. There were significant differences in mean knowledge, self-efficacy, and avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke scores among different household smoking groups. A multiple regression revealed that overall avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke was positively associated with self-efficacy, with a no-smoking policy at home, and with both a woman and her partner's educational levels. Conclusions: The high prevalence of subjects suffering from active (6.05%) and passive smoking (58.72%) suggests that clinicians can target interventions designed to increase pregnant women's self-efficacy and to advise them to try to set up their own smoking policy at home.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869-878
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
Smoke
Tobacco
Pregnant Women
Smoking
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Avoidance Learning
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Taiwan
Research Design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke among pregnant Taiwanese women : Knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior. / Chen, Ching-Min; Lee, Pi-Hsia; Chou, Yu-Hua; Kuo, Shu Fen; Hsu, Yu Hien.

In: Journal of Women's Health, Vol. 16, No. 6, 07.2007, p. 869-878.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{813af45e09a94253babbc47997f8ac7d,
title = "Avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke among pregnant Taiwanese women: Knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior",
abstract = "Background: The issue of active and passive cigarette smoking among pregnant women at home has become a major source of debate. The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke and related factors among pregnant women in Taiwan. Methods: A cross-sectional research design was used. Women (n = 281) visiting the outpatient antenatal clinics of one regional hospital and two medical centers in Taipei for routine obstetrical care volunteered to fill out questionnaires. Results: Participants on average had little knowledge of this issue and felt less than {"}very confident{"} in resisting environmental tobacco smoke and indicated that it was only {"}usually true{"} that they practiced avoidance behaviors. The knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke were all related to both the woman and her partner's educational levels. There were significant differences in mean knowledge, self-efficacy, and avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke scores among different household smoking groups. A multiple regression revealed that overall avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke was positively associated with self-efficacy, with a no-smoking policy at home, and with both a woman and her partner's educational levels. Conclusions: The high prevalence of subjects suffering from active (6.05{\%}) and passive smoking (58.72{\%}) suggests that clinicians can target interventions designed to increase pregnant women's self-efficacy and to advise them to try to set up their own smoking policy at home.",
author = "Ching-Min Chen and Pi-Hsia Lee and Yu-Hua Chou and Kuo, {Shu Fen} and Hsu, {Yu Hien}",
year = "2007",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1089/jwh.2006.0198",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "869--878",
journal = "Journal of Women's Health",
issn = "1540-9996",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke among pregnant Taiwanese women

T2 - Knowledge, self-efficacy, and behavior

AU - Chen, Ching-Min

AU - Lee, Pi-Hsia

AU - Chou, Yu-Hua

AU - Kuo, Shu Fen

AU - Hsu, Yu Hien

PY - 2007/7

Y1 - 2007/7

N2 - Background: The issue of active and passive cigarette smoking among pregnant women at home has become a major source of debate. The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke and related factors among pregnant women in Taiwan. Methods: A cross-sectional research design was used. Women (n = 281) visiting the outpatient antenatal clinics of one regional hospital and two medical centers in Taipei for routine obstetrical care volunteered to fill out questionnaires. Results: Participants on average had little knowledge of this issue and felt less than "very confident" in resisting environmental tobacco smoke and indicated that it was only "usually true" that they practiced avoidance behaviors. The knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke were all related to both the woman and her partner's educational levels. There were significant differences in mean knowledge, self-efficacy, and avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke scores among different household smoking groups. A multiple regression revealed that overall avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke was positively associated with self-efficacy, with a no-smoking policy at home, and with both a woman and her partner's educational levels. Conclusions: The high prevalence of subjects suffering from active (6.05%) and passive smoking (58.72%) suggests that clinicians can target interventions designed to increase pregnant women's self-efficacy and to advise them to try to set up their own smoking policy at home.

AB - Background: The issue of active and passive cigarette smoking among pregnant women at home has become a major source of debate. The purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke and related factors among pregnant women in Taiwan. Methods: A cross-sectional research design was used. Women (n = 281) visiting the outpatient antenatal clinics of one regional hospital and two medical centers in Taipei for routine obstetrical care volunteered to fill out questionnaires. Results: Participants on average had little knowledge of this issue and felt less than "very confident" in resisting environmental tobacco smoke and indicated that it was only "usually true" that they practiced avoidance behaviors. The knowledge of, self-efficacy with, and behavior toward avoiding environmental tobacco smoke were all related to both the woman and her partner's educational levels. There were significant differences in mean knowledge, self-efficacy, and avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke scores among different household smoking groups. A multiple regression revealed that overall avoidance of environmental tobacco smoke was positively associated with self-efficacy, with a no-smoking policy at home, and with both a woman and her partner's educational levels. Conclusions: The high prevalence of subjects suffering from active (6.05%) and passive smoking (58.72%) suggests that clinicians can target interventions designed to increase pregnant women's self-efficacy and to advise them to try to set up their own smoking policy at home.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34547941226&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34547941226&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1089/jwh.2006.0198

DO - 10.1089/jwh.2006.0198

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 869

EP - 878

JO - Journal of Women's Health

JF - Journal of Women's Health

SN - 1540-9996

IS - 6

ER -