Associations between respiratory diseases and dietary patterns derived by factor analysis and reduced rank regression

Yong Pei Lin, Ya Chun Kao, Wen Harn Pan, Yao Hsu Yang, Yang Ching Chen, Yungling Leo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: The study aims to identify children's dietary patterns and explore the relationship between dietary patterns and respiratory diseases. Methods: Subjects were 2,397 fourth graders in 14 Taiwanese communities who participated in the Taiwan Children Health Study. This study is based on an evaluation of dietary patterns, performed from April until June 2011. Information pertaining to respiratory disease was obtained by The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire, and dietary intake data obtained by food frequency questionnaire. Factor analysis and reduced rank regression (RRR) were both used to analyze dietary patterns. Results: Using factor analysis, it was found that children on a high-protein, high-fat, Western diet had a significantly higher risk of allergic rhinitis (OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.01-1.20). Lower ORs were noted for current wheezing, ever asthma and bronchitis in children eating a healthy diet than those on a high-protein, high-fat, Western diet. Using RRR, it was found that children on a high-protein, high-fat diet had significantly higher risks of allergic rhinitis (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.07-1.27), current wheezing (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.04-1.45) and bronchitis (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.09-1.46). Conclusions: A diet rich in fat and protein may increase the risk of respiratory disease in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-314
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Nutrition and Metabolism
Volume68
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Statistical Factor Analysis
High Fat Diet
Bronchitis
Respiratory Sounds
Proteins
Asthma
Taiwan
Hypersensitivity
Eating
Fats
Diet
Food
Western Diet
Surveys and Questionnaires
Allergic Rhinitis

Keywords

  • Children
  • Dietary pattern
  • Factor analysis
  • Reduced rank regression
  • Respiratory diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Associations between respiratory diseases and dietary patterns derived by factor analysis and reduced rank regression. / Lin, Yong Pei; Kao, Ya Chun; Pan, Wen Harn; Yang, Yao Hsu; Chen, Yang Ching; Lee, Yungling Leo.

In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, Vol. 68, No. 4, 01.07.2016, p. 306-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Yong Pei ; Kao, Ya Chun ; Pan, Wen Harn ; Yang, Yao Hsu ; Chen, Yang Ching ; Lee, Yungling Leo. / Associations between respiratory diseases and dietary patterns derived by factor analysis and reduced rank regression. In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2016 ; Vol. 68, No. 4. pp. 306-314.
@article{acc157c7f5614bd290eb3a562b301f9e,
title = "Associations between respiratory diseases and dietary patterns derived by factor analysis and reduced rank regression",
abstract = "Background/Aims: The study aims to identify children's dietary patterns and explore the relationship between dietary patterns and respiratory diseases. Methods: Subjects were 2,397 fourth graders in 14 Taiwanese communities who participated in the Taiwan Children Health Study. This study is based on an evaluation of dietary patterns, performed from April until June 2011. Information pertaining to respiratory disease was obtained by The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire, and dietary intake data obtained by food frequency questionnaire. Factor analysis and reduced rank regression (RRR) were both used to analyze dietary patterns. Results: Using factor analysis, it was found that children on a high-protein, high-fat, Western diet had a significantly higher risk of allergic rhinitis (OR 1.10, 95{\%} CI 1.01-1.20). Lower ORs were noted for current wheezing, ever asthma and bronchitis in children eating a healthy diet than those on a high-protein, high-fat, Western diet. Using RRR, it was found that children on a high-protein, high-fat diet had significantly higher risks of allergic rhinitis (OR 1.17, 95{\%} CI 1.07-1.27), current wheezing (OR 1.23, 95{\%} CI 1.04-1.45) and bronchitis (OR 1.26, 95{\%} CI 1.09-1.46). Conclusions: A diet rich in fat and protein may increase the risk of respiratory disease in children.",
keywords = "Children, Dietary pattern, Factor analysis, Reduced rank regression, Respiratory diseases",
author = "Lin, {Yong Pei} and Kao, {Ya Chun} and Pan, {Wen Harn} and Yang, {Yao Hsu} and Chen, {Yang Ching} and Lee, {Yungling Leo}",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1159/000447367",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "306--314",
journal = "Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism",
issn = "0250-6807",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations between respiratory diseases and dietary patterns derived by factor analysis and reduced rank regression

AU - Lin, Yong Pei

AU - Kao, Ya Chun

AU - Pan, Wen Harn

AU - Yang, Yao Hsu

AU - Chen, Yang Ching

AU - Lee, Yungling Leo

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Background/Aims: The study aims to identify children's dietary patterns and explore the relationship between dietary patterns and respiratory diseases. Methods: Subjects were 2,397 fourth graders in 14 Taiwanese communities who participated in the Taiwan Children Health Study. This study is based on an evaluation of dietary patterns, performed from April until June 2011. Information pertaining to respiratory disease was obtained by The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire, and dietary intake data obtained by food frequency questionnaire. Factor analysis and reduced rank regression (RRR) were both used to analyze dietary patterns. Results: Using factor analysis, it was found that children on a high-protein, high-fat, Western diet had a significantly higher risk of allergic rhinitis (OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.01-1.20). Lower ORs were noted for current wheezing, ever asthma and bronchitis in children eating a healthy diet than those on a high-protein, high-fat, Western diet. Using RRR, it was found that children on a high-protein, high-fat diet had significantly higher risks of allergic rhinitis (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.07-1.27), current wheezing (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.04-1.45) and bronchitis (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.09-1.46). Conclusions: A diet rich in fat and protein may increase the risk of respiratory disease in children.

AB - Background/Aims: The study aims to identify children's dietary patterns and explore the relationship between dietary patterns and respiratory diseases. Methods: Subjects were 2,397 fourth graders in 14 Taiwanese communities who participated in the Taiwan Children Health Study. This study is based on an evaluation of dietary patterns, performed from April until June 2011. Information pertaining to respiratory disease was obtained by The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire, and dietary intake data obtained by food frequency questionnaire. Factor analysis and reduced rank regression (RRR) were both used to analyze dietary patterns. Results: Using factor analysis, it was found that children on a high-protein, high-fat, Western diet had a significantly higher risk of allergic rhinitis (OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.01-1.20). Lower ORs were noted for current wheezing, ever asthma and bronchitis in children eating a healthy diet than those on a high-protein, high-fat, Western diet. Using RRR, it was found that children on a high-protein, high-fat diet had significantly higher risks of allergic rhinitis (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.07-1.27), current wheezing (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.04-1.45) and bronchitis (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.09-1.46). Conclusions: A diet rich in fat and protein may increase the risk of respiratory disease in children.

KW - Children

KW - Dietary pattern

KW - Factor analysis

KW - Reduced rank regression

KW - Respiratory diseases

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84976538536&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84976538536&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1159/000447367

DO - 10.1159/000447367

M3 - Article

VL - 68

SP - 306

EP - 314

JO - Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism

JF - Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism

SN - 0250-6807

IS - 4

ER -