Associations between particulate sulfate and organic carbon exposures and heart rate variability in patients with or at risk for cardiovascular diseases

Kai Jen Chuang, Chang Chuan Chan, Ta Chen Su, Lian Yu Lin, Chung Te Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: It is still unknown whether specific components in fine particles are associated with heart rate variability (HRV) reduction. METHODS: We recruited 46 patients with or at risk for cardiovascular diseases to measure 24-hour HRV by ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring. Fixed-site air-monitoring stations were used to represent participants' exposures to particles with aerodynamic diameters less than 10 μm (PM10) and 2.5 μm (PM2.5), and particulate components of sulfate, nitrate, organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon, and gaseous pollutants. RESULTS: We found that HRV reduction was associated with sulfate, OC, and PM2.5 but not with the other five pollutants in single-pollutant models. Sulfate was found to remain in significant association with HRV reduction adjusting for OC and PM2.5 in three-pollutant models. CONCLUSIONS: Exposures to sulfate and OC in PM2.5 were associated with HRV reduction in patients with or at risk for cardiovascular diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-617
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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