Associations among Multi-systematic Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Students

Chia Jung Hsieh, 張 玨(Chueh Chang), 蕭 淑貞(Shu-Jen Shiau), Nae-Fang Miao, Hsiu-Ju Chang, 張 勝傑(Shen-Chieh Chang), Wu-Dien Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: The risks of depression among adolescents are from multi-systematic (personal, family/parental, and school) factors. But there are little known about the correlation between those risk factors of depressive symptoms and multi-systematic characteristics. The objective of the study was to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and their personal, family/parental, and school risk factors in school-based adolescents. Methods: The authors conducted a cross-sectional randomized study on adolescent school population with probability proportional sampling to choose sample sizes in each school district. Data were collected face-to-face through training visits to subjects. After having screened 1,009 subjects with response rate of 99.11%, the authors received 1,000 copies of valid questionnaire (including Beck Depression Inventory-II, Maudsley Personality Inventory, and the adaptability, partnership, growth, affection, and resolve [APGAR] index as well as the information of their school background. Results: The prevalence of adolescents (14.75 ± 0.90 years) with depressive symptoms was 25.8%. Their risk factors for having depressive symptoms in logistic regression were those who had higher score in neuroticism (OR = 1.21, p < 0.05), who had lower score in extroversion (OR = 0.83, p < 0.05), and who had poorer family function (OR = 0.89, p < 0.05) after adjusting the effects of sex and history of substance use (-2 log likelihood = 710.48, d.f. = 9, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study data showed an association between depressive symptoms and multi-systematic risk factors. Based on the study findings, the authors recommend that the comprehensive program should include multiple intervention components, and that each of those components needs to be addressed for risk factors in different domains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-310
Number of pages10
Journal臺灣精神醫學
Volume26
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Depression
Students
Personality Inventory
Sample Size
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Equipment and Supplies
Growth
Population

Keywords

  • extroversion
  • neuroticism
  • family function
  • Beck Depression Inventory-II

Cite this

Hsieh, C. J., 張玨(Chueh C, 蕭淑貞(Shu-Jen S, Miao, N-F., Chang, H-J., 張勝傑(Shen-Chieh C, & Shen, W-D. (2012). Associations among Multi-systematic Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Students. 臺灣精神醫學, 26(4), 301-310.

Associations among Multi-systematic Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Students. / Hsieh, Chia Jung; 張玨(Chueh Chang); 蕭淑貞(Shu-Jen Shiau); Miao, Nae-Fang; Chang, Hsiu-Ju; 張勝傑(Shen-Chieh Chang); Shen, Wu-Dien.

In: 臺灣精神醫學, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2012, p. 301-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hsieh, CJ, 張玨(ChuehC, 蕭淑貞(Shu-JenS, Miao, N-F, Chang, H-J, 張勝傑(Shen-ChiehC & Shen, W-D 2012, 'Associations among Multi-systematic Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Students', 臺灣精神醫學, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 301-310.
Hsieh CJ, 張玨(ChuehC, 蕭淑貞(Shu-JenS, Miao N-F, Chang H-J, 張勝傑(Shen-ChiehC et al. Associations among Multi-systematic Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Students. 臺灣精神醫學. 2012;26(4):301-310.
Hsieh, Chia Jung ; 張玨(Chueh Chang) ; 蕭淑貞(Shu-Jen Shiau) ; Miao, Nae-Fang ; Chang, Hsiu-Ju ; 張勝傑(Shen-Chieh Chang) ; Shen, Wu-Dien. / Associations among Multi-systematic Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Students. In: 臺灣精神醫學. 2012 ; Vol. 26, No. 4. pp. 301-310.
@article{ebd58d1bb4364b139819a4d84539115f,
title = "Associations among Multi-systematic Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Students",
abstract = "Objectives: The risks of depression among adolescents are from multi-systematic (personal, family/parental, and school) factors. But there are little known about the correlation between those risk factors of depressive symptoms and multi-systematic characteristics. The objective of the study was to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and their personal, family/parental, and school risk factors in school-based adolescents. Methods: The authors conducted a cross-sectional randomized study on adolescent school population with probability proportional sampling to choose sample sizes in each school district. Data were collected face-to-face through training visits to subjects. After having screened 1,009 subjects with response rate of 99.11{\%}, the authors received 1,000 copies of valid questionnaire (including Beck Depression Inventory-II, Maudsley Personality Inventory, and the adaptability, partnership, growth, affection, and resolve [APGAR] index as well as the information of their school background. Results: The prevalence of adolescents (14.75 ± 0.90 years) with depressive symptoms was 25.8{\%}. Their risk factors for having depressive symptoms in logistic regression were those who had higher score in neuroticism (OR = 1.21, p < 0.05), who had lower score in extroversion (OR = 0.83, p < 0.05), and who had poorer family function (OR = 0.89, p < 0.05) after adjusting the effects of sex and history of substance use (-2 log likelihood = 710.48, d.f. = 9, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study data showed an association between depressive symptoms and multi-systematic risk factors. Based on the study findings, the authors recommend that the comprehensive program should include multiple intervention components, and that each of those components needs to be addressed for risk factors in different domains.",
keywords = "extroversion, neuroticism, family function, Beck Depression Inventory-II",
author = "Hsieh, {Chia Jung} and 張, {玨(Chueh Chang)} and 蕭, {淑貞(Shu-Jen Shiau)} and Nae-Fang Miao and Hsiu-Ju Chang and 張, {勝傑(Shen-Chieh Chang)} and Wu-Dien Shen",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "301--310",
journal = "臺灣精神醫學",
issn = "1028-3684",
publisher = "臺灣精神醫學會",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations among Multi-systematic Factors and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescent Students

AU - Hsieh, Chia Jung

AU - 張, 玨(Chueh Chang)

AU - 蕭, 淑貞(Shu-Jen Shiau)

AU - Miao, Nae-Fang

AU - Chang, Hsiu-Ju

AU - 張, 勝傑(Shen-Chieh Chang)

AU - Shen, Wu-Dien

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Objectives: The risks of depression among adolescents are from multi-systematic (personal, family/parental, and school) factors. But there are little known about the correlation between those risk factors of depressive symptoms and multi-systematic characteristics. The objective of the study was to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and their personal, family/parental, and school risk factors in school-based adolescents. Methods: The authors conducted a cross-sectional randomized study on adolescent school population with probability proportional sampling to choose sample sizes in each school district. Data were collected face-to-face through training visits to subjects. After having screened 1,009 subjects with response rate of 99.11%, the authors received 1,000 copies of valid questionnaire (including Beck Depression Inventory-II, Maudsley Personality Inventory, and the adaptability, partnership, growth, affection, and resolve [APGAR] index as well as the information of their school background. Results: The prevalence of adolescents (14.75 ± 0.90 years) with depressive symptoms was 25.8%. Their risk factors for having depressive symptoms in logistic regression were those who had higher score in neuroticism (OR = 1.21, p < 0.05), who had lower score in extroversion (OR = 0.83, p < 0.05), and who had poorer family function (OR = 0.89, p < 0.05) after adjusting the effects of sex and history of substance use (-2 log likelihood = 710.48, d.f. = 9, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study data showed an association between depressive symptoms and multi-systematic risk factors. Based on the study findings, the authors recommend that the comprehensive program should include multiple intervention components, and that each of those components needs to be addressed for risk factors in different domains.

AB - Objectives: The risks of depression among adolescents are from multi-systematic (personal, family/parental, and school) factors. But there are little known about the correlation between those risk factors of depressive symptoms and multi-systematic characteristics. The objective of the study was to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and their personal, family/parental, and school risk factors in school-based adolescents. Methods: The authors conducted a cross-sectional randomized study on adolescent school population with probability proportional sampling to choose sample sizes in each school district. Data were collected face-to-face through training visits to subjects. After having screened 1,009 subjects with response rate of 99.11%, the authors received 1,000 copies of valid questionnaire (including Beck Depression Inventory-II, Maudsley Personality Inventory, and the adaptability, partnership, growth, affection, and resolve [APGAR] index as well as the information of their school background. Results: The prevalence of adolescents (14.75 ± 0.90 years) with depressive symptoms was 25.8%. Their risk factors for having depressive symptoms in logistic regression were those who had higher score in neuroticism (OR = 1.21, p < 0.05), who had lower score in extroversion (OR = 0.83, p < 0.05), and who had poorer family function (OR = 0.89, p < 0.05) after adjusting the effects of sex and history of substance use (-2 log likelihood = 710.48, d.f. = 9, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study data showed an association between depressive symptoms and multi-systematic risk factors. Based on the study findings, the authors recommend that the comprehensive program should include multiple intervention components, and that each of those components needs to be addressed for risk factors in different domains.

KW - extroversion

KW - neuroticism

KW - family function

KW - Beck Depression Inventory-II

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 301

EP - 310

JO - 臺灣精神醫學

JF - 臺灣精神醫學

SN - 1028-3684

IS - 4

ER -