Association of stress coping strategies with Internet addiction in college students

The moderating effect of depression

Wei Po Chou, Chih Hung Ko, Erin A. Kaufman, Sheila E. Crowell, Ray C. Hsiao, Peng Wei Wang, Jin Jia Lin, Cheng Fang Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background This study examined the association between stress-related coping strategies and Internet addiction and the moderating effect of depression in a sample of Taiwanese college students. Method A total of 500 college students (238 men and 262 women) participated in this study. Internet addiction was assessed using the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. Participants' stress coping strategies and depressive symptoms were measured using the Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced and the Beck Depression Inventory-II, respectively. We used t and chi-square tests to examine differences in demographic characteristics, depression, and stress coping strategies between participants with and without Internet addiction. Significant variables were used in a logistic regression model to examine the association between stress coping strategies and Internet addiction and the moderating effect of depression on the association. Results Results indicated that use of restraint coping was negatively associated with Internet addiction (odds ratio [OR] = 0.886, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.802-0.977), whereas denial (OR = 1.177, 95% CI: 1.029-1.346) and mental disengagement (OR = 2.673, 95% CI: 1.499-4.767) were positively associated with Internet addiction. Depression had a moderating effect on the association between denial and Internet addiction (OR = 0.701, 95% CI: 0.530-0.927). Conclusions Stress coping strategies and depression are important factors to evaluate when developing intervention programs targeting college undergraduate students with Internet addiction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number51532
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume62
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

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Internet
Depression
Students
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Logistic Models
Chi-Square Distribution
Demography
Equipment and Supplies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Chou, W. P., Ko, C. H., Kaufman, E. A., Crowell, S. E., Hsiao, R. C., Wang, P. W., ... Yen, C. F. (2015). Association of stress coping strategies with Internet addiction in college students: The moderating effect of depression. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 62, 27-33. [51532]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.06.004

Association of stress coping strategies with Internet addiction in college students : The moderating effect of depression. / Chou, Wei Po; Ko, Chih Hung; Kaufman, Erin A.; Crowell, Sheila E.; Hsiao, Ray C.; Wang, Peng Wei; Lin, Jin Jia; Yen, Cheng Fang.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 62, 51532, 01.10.2015, p. 27-33.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chou, Wei Po ; Ko, Chih Hung ; Kaufman, Erin A. ; Crowell, Sheila E. ; Hsiao, Ray C. ; Wang, Peng Wei ; Lin, Jin Jia ; Yen, Cheng Fang. / Association of stress coping strategies with Internet addiction in college students : The moderating effect of depression. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2015 ; Vol. 62. pp. 27-33.
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abstract = "Background This study examined the association between stress-related coping strategies and Internet addiction and the moderating effect of depression in a sample of Taiwanese college students. Method A total of 500 college students (238 men and 262 women) participated in this study. Internet addiction was assessed using the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. Participants' stress coping strategies and depressive symptoms were measured using the Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced and the Beck Depression Inventory-II, respectively. We used t and chi-square tests to examine differences in demographic characteristics, depression, and stress coping strategies between participants with and without Internet addiction. Significant variables were used in a logistic regression model to examine the association between stress coping strategies and Internet addiction and the moderating effect of depression on the association. Results Results indicated that use of restraint coping was negatively associated with Internet addiction (odds ratio [OR] = 0.886, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 0.802-0.977), whereas denial (OR = 1.177, 95{\%} CI: 1.029-1.346) and mental disengagement (OR = 2.673, 95{\%} CI: 1.499-4.767) were positively associated with Internet addiction. Depression had a moderating effect on the association between denial and Internet addiction (OR = 0.701, 95{\%} CI: 0.530-0.927). Conclusions Stress coping strategies and depression are important factors to evaluate when developing intervention programs targeting college undergraduate students with Internet addiction.",
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