Association of Renal Function and Direct-Acting Antiviral Agents for HCV

A Network Meta-Analysis

Chih-Chin Kao, Yu-Shiuan Lin, Heng-Cheng Chu, Te-Chao Fang, Mai-Szu Wu, Yi-No Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effectiveness and safety of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with renal insufficiency remain controversial. Therefore, this network meta-analysis aims to assess effectiveness and safety of DAAs in populations with different renal function. The pooled data were obtained from Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science. Thirteen studies recruited 6884 patients with hepatitis C infection and reported their outcomes in relation to different levels of renal function after treatment with DAAs. The results showed no difference in the virologic responses among patients with different renal function. Regarding safety, whereas in patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD) or with early CKD DAAs were associated with a risk ratio (RR) of 0.14 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.04 to 0.43) for renal disorder, increased risk of renal function deterioration was found in advanced-CKD patients, though this effect may be related to the natural course of advanced CKD. Similarly, patients without CKD or with early CKD showed a lower risk of anemia (RR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.20 to 0.57) and discontinuation (RR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.56) than patients with advanced CKD. The efficacy of DAAs for HCV treatment was comparable in patients with advanced CKD and in those with early CKD or without CKD. However, the safety of DAAs should be verified in future studies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 29 2018

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Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Hepacivirus
Antiviral Agents
Kidney
Safety
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Network Meta-Analysis
Hepatitis C
PubMed
Libraries
Renal Insufficiency
Anemia
Therapeutics
Infection

Cite this

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title = "Association of Renal Function and Direct-Acting Antiviral Agents for HCV: A Network Meta-Analysis",
abstract = "The effectiveness and safety of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with renal insufficiency remain controversial. Therefore, this network meta-analysis aims to assess effectiveness and safety of DAAs in populations with different renal function. The pooled data were obtained from Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science. Thirteen studies recruited 6884 patients with hepatitis C infection and reported their outcomes in relation to different levels of renal function after treatment with DAAs. The results showed no difference in the virologic responses among patients with different renal function. Regarding safety, whereas in patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD) or with early CKD DAAs were associated with a risk ratio (RR) of 0.14 (95{\%} confidence interval (CI), 0.04 to 0.43) for renal disorder, increased risk of renal function deterioration was found in advanced-CKD patients, though this effect may be related to the natural course of advanced CKD. Similarly, patients without CKD or with early CKD showed a lower risk of anemia (RR, 0.34; 95{\%} CI, 0.20 to 0.57) and discontinuation (RR, 0.41; 95{\%} CI, 0.39 to 0.56) than patients with advanced CKD. The efficacy of DAAs for HCV treatment was comparable in patients with advanced CKD and in those with early CKD or without CKD. However, the safety of DAAs should be verified in future studies.",
author = "Chih-Chin Kao and Yu-Shiuan Lin and Heng-Cheng Chu and Te-Chao Fang and Mai-Szu Wu and Yi-No Kang",
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T2 - A Network Meta-Analysis

AU - Kao, Chih-Chin

AU - Lin, Yu-Shiuan

AU - Chu, Heng-Cheng

AU - Fang, Te-Chao

AU - Wu, Mai-Szu

AU - Kang, Yi-No

PY - 2018/9/29

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N2 - The effectiveness and safety of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with renal insufficiency remain controversial. Therefore, this network meta-analysis aims to assess effectiveness and safety of DAAs in populations with different renal function. The pooled data were obtained from Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science. Thirteen studies recruited 6884 patients with hepatitis C infection and reported their outcomes in relation to different levels of renal function after treatment with DAAs. The results showed no difference in the virologic responses among patients with different renal function. Regarding safety, whereas in patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD) or with early CKD DAAs were associated with a risk ratio (RR) of 0.14 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.04 to 0.43) for renal disorder, increased risk of renal function deterioration was found in advanced-CKD patients, though this effect may be related to the natural course of advanced CKD. Similarly, patients without CKD or with early CKD showed a lower risk of anemia (RR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.20 to 0.57) and discontinuation (RR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.56) than patients with advanced CKD. The efficacy of DAAs for HCV treatment was comparable in patients with advanced CKD and in those with early CKD or without CKD. However, the safety of DAAs should be verified in future studies.

AB - The effectiveness and safety of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients with renal insufficiency remain controversial. Therefore, this network meta-analysis aims to assess effectiveness and safety of DAAs in populations with different renal function. The pooled data were obtained from Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science. Thirteen studies recruited 6884 patients with hepatitis C infection and reported their outcomes in relation to different levels of renal function after treatment with DAAs. The results showed no difference in the virologic responses among patients with different renal function. Regarding safety, whereas in patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD) or with early CKD DAAs were associated with a risk ratio (RR) of 0.14 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.04 to 0.43) for renal disorder, increased risk of renal function deterioration was found in advanced-CKD patients, though this effect may be related to the natural course of advanced CKD. Similarly, patients without CKD or with early CKD showed a lower risk of anemia (RR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.20 to 0.57) and discontinuation (RR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.56) than patients with advanced CKD. The efficacy of DAAs for HCV treatment was comparable in patients with advanced CKD and in those with early CKD or without CKD. However, the safety of DAAs should be verified in future studies.

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