There is little comprehensive education for people with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) progress. We investigated the differences in terms of outcomes between patients with CKD stages 3–5 who enrolled and did not enroll in the pre-ESRD care education in Taiwan. This retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). All patients diagnosed with CKD stages 3–5 who received the pre-ESRD care education through the pay for performance (P4P) program were enrolled. Based on whether or not they participated in the program, they were categorized into P4P or non-P4P groups. All analyses were performed from January 2006 through December 2015. Study outcomes were risk of hemodialysis dependency, hospitalization, and all-cause mortality. In this study of 29,337 patients, those with CKD stages 3–5 in the P4P group had lower events of hemodialysis, hospitalization, and all-cause mortality compared to patients in the non-P4P group. This study suggested that pre-ESRD care education is associated with increased patient outcomes, resulting in lower hemodialysis and hospitalization events and a higher overall survival rate in patients with CKD stages 3–5. Patient education could raise opportunities to improve pre-ESRD care by reaching patients outside the traditional health care setting.
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