Association between mitral valve prolapse and sudden sensorineural hearing loss

A case-control population-based study

Yen Fu Cheng, Tzong Han Yang, Chuan Song Wu, Chung Chien Huang, Herng Ching Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) and MVP using a population-based dataset. Data for this case-control study were retrieved from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database. In total, 3399 cases of newly diagnosed SSNHL were identified. We used propensity score matching to select 3399 comparison patients (one for every case) from the same dataset. The selected matching variables included age, sex, monthly income, geographical location, urbanization level of the patient's residence, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. Chi-squared tests were used to compare differences in sociodemographic characteristics, while conditional logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association of SSNHL with previously diagnosed MVP. Of the 6798 sampled subjects, 131 (1.93%) patients had received a diagnosis of MVP prior to the index date. A significant difference in the prevalence of prior MVP between cases and controls (2.41% vs. 1.44%, p = 0.004) was observed. The conditional logistic regression analysis conditioned on gender, age, monthly income, urbanization level, geographic region, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and hypertension suggested that the odds ratio of prior MVP for cases was 1.69 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.18~2.42) compared to controls. Our study found that patients with MVP had a 1.69-fold higher risk of getting SSNHL compared to patients without MVP.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0205199
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

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Sudden Hearing Loss
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Audition
hearing
Medical problems
Urbanization
Population
Logistics
hyperlipidemia
Hyperlipidemias
urbanization
hypertension
diabetes
Health insurance
income
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Hypertension
health insurance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Association between mitral valve prolapse and sudden sensorineural hearing loss : A case-control population-based study. / Cheng, Yen Fu; Yang, Tzong Han; Wu, Chuan Song; Huang, Chung Chien; Lin, Herng Ching.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 13, No. 10, e0205199, 01.10.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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