Association between Exercise Participation and Quality of Sleep and Life among University Students in Taiwan

Shih Pei Chang, Kuo Sen Shih, Chung Pu Chi, Chin Ming Chang, Kai Lin Hwang, Yu Hsuan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This cross-sectional survey study examined exercise, sleep quality, and quality of life (QOL) in 1230 Taiwanese university students. Compared with women, men had higher body mass index (BMI) (22.3 ± 4.1 vs 20.7 ± 3.5 kg/m2), higher exercise frequency (2.6 ± 1.7 vs 2.0 ± 1.4 d/wk), better sleep quality (global Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index 6.0 ± 2.8 vs 6.5 ± 2.7), better physical QOL (physical component summary 52.7 ± 6.2 vs 51.7 ± 6.6), and higher reporting of good self-perceived health (62.2% vs 43.3%) (P <.01). However, gender differences were nonsignificant after multivariable adjustment. Exercise frequency, sleep quality, and QOL were significantly intercorrelated. After multivariable adjustment, self-perceived health and satisfaction with exercise participation predicted quality of sleep and QOL (P <.01). Exercise frequency was positively correlated (P =.012), and exercise intensity was negatively associated (P <.001) with physical QOL. In conclusion, those who regularly exercised (at least 1 d/wk or 2.5 h/wk) had better QOL. Students with better self-perceived health or satisfaction with exercise participation also had better quality of sleep and better QOL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-367
Number of pages12
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • exercise
  • quality of life
  • sleep quality
  • Taiwan
  • university students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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