Association between chronic viral hepatitis infection and breast cancer risk: A nationwide population-based case-control study

Fu Hsiung Su, Shih Ni Chang, Pei Chun Chen, Fung Chang Sung, Chien Tien Su, Chih Ching Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In Taiwan, there is a high incidence of breast cancer and a high prevalence of viral hepatitis. In this case-control study, we used a population-based insurance dataset to evaluate whether breast cancer in women is associated with chronic viral hepatitis infection.Methods: From the claims data, we identified 1,958 patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer during the period 2000-2008. A randomly selected, age-matched cohort of 7,832 subjects without cancer was selected for comparison. Multivariable logistic regression models were constructed to calculate odds ratios of breast cancer associated with viral hepatitis after adjustment for age, residential area, occupation, urbanization, and income. The age-specific (<50 years and ≥50 years) risk of breast cancer was also evaluated.Results: There were no significant differences in the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, hepatitis B virus (HBV), or the prevalence of combined HBC/HBV infection between breast cancer patients and control subjects (p = 0.48). Multivariable logistic regression analysis, however, revealed that age <50 years was associated with a 2-fold greater risk of developing breast cancer (OR = 2.03, 95% CI = 1.23-3.34).Conclusions: HCV infection, but not HBV infection, appears to be associated with early onset risk of breast cancer in areas endemic for HCV and HBV. This finding needs to be replicated in further studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number495
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 24 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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