Associated factors of hypertension in women and men in vietnam: A cross-sectional study

Tran Quoc Cuong, Le Van Bao, Nguyen Anh Tuan, Vo Van Thang, Nguyen Minh Quan, Shwu Huey Yang, Tuyen Van Duong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a direct cardiovascular disease risk. It causes a heavy burden on the healthcare system globally. We aim to assess hypertension occurrence and its associated factors among women and men in Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2019 on 2203 community-dwelling women and men aged 18 years or above. Participants’ characteristics, comorbidity, behaviors, and physical measures were evaluated. Hypertension was classified as systolic/diastolic blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg or using antihypertensive medication. We analyzed data using logistic regression models. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 24.3% (20.9% in women, 29.1% in men). For women, older age (odds ratio, OR, 6.80–12.41; p < 0.001), income above the poverty line (OR, 0.64; p = 0.008), diabetes comorbid (OR, 2.98; p < 0.001), added salts consumption (OR, 1.80; p < 0.001), overweight/obesity (OR, 1.64; p = 0.005), abdominal obesity (OR, 2.07; p < 0.001) were associated with hypertension. For men, older age (OR, 2.67–5.92; p < 0.001), diabetes comorbid (OR, 2.25; p = 0.010), smoking (OR, 1.38; p = 0.046), and overweight/obesity (OR, 2.18; p < 0.001) were associated with hypertension. Conclusions: Hypertension is prevalent in Vietnamese people. The associated factors of hypertension are varied by gender.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4714
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

Fingerprint

Vietnam
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hypertension
Obesity
Logistic Models
Blood Pressure
Independent Living
Abdominal Obesity
Poverty
Antihypertensive Agents
Comorbidity
Cardiovascular Diseases
Salts
Smoking
Odds Ratio
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Abdominal obesity
  • Added salts
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Older age
  • Overweight
  • Poverty
  • Smoking
  • Vietnam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Associated factors of hypertension in women and men in vietnam : A cross-sectional study. / Cuong, Tran Quoc; Bao, Le Van; Tuan, Nguyen Anh; Thang, Vo Van; Quan, Nguyen Minh; Yang, Shwu Huey; Duong, Tuyen Van.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 23, 4714, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7882e1cb14c74809ab9e818340469ccf,
title = "Associated factors of hypertension in women and men in vietnam: A cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Background: Hypertension is a direct cardiovascular disease risk. It causes a heavy burden on the healthcare system globally. We aim to assess hypertension occurrence and its associated factors among women and men in Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2019 on 2203 community-dwelling women and men aged 18 years or above. Participants’ characteristics, comorbidity, behaviors, and physical measures were evaluated. Hypertension was classified as systolic/diastolic blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg or using antihypertensive medication. We analyzed data using logistic regression models. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 24.3{\%} (20.9{\%} in women, 29.1{\%} in men). For women, older age (odds ratio, OR, 6.80–12.41; p < 0.001), income above the poverty line (OR, 0.64; p = 0.008), diabetes comorbid (OR, 2.98; p < 0.001), added salts consumption (OR, 1.80; p < 0.001), overweight/obesity (OR, 1.64; p = 0.005), abdominal obesity (OR, 2.07; p < 0.001) were associated with hypertension. For men, older age (OR, 2.67–5.92; p < 0.001), diabetes comorbid (OR, 2.25; p = 0.010), smoking (OR, 1.38; p = 0.046), and overweight/obesity (OR, 2.18; p < 0.001) were associated with hypertension. Conclusions: Hypertension is prevalent in Vietnamese people. The associated factors of hypertension are varied by gender.",
keywords = "Abdominal obesity, Added salts, Diabetes, Hypertension, Obesity, Older age, Overweight, Poverty, Smoking, Vietnam",
author = "Cuong, {Tran Quoc} and Bao, {Le Van} and Tuan, {Nguyen Anh} and Thang, {Vo Van} and Quan, {Nguyen Minh} and Yang, {Shwu Huey} and Duong, {Tuyen Van}",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph16234714",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "23",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associated factors of hypertension in women and men in vietnam

T2 - A cross-sectional study

AU - Cuong, Tran Quoc

AU - Bao, Le Van

AU - Tuan, Nguyen Anh

AU - Thang, Vo Van

AU - Quan, Nguyen Minh

AU - Yang, Shwu Huey

AU - Duong, Tuyen Van

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Background: Hypertension is a direct cardiovascular disease risk. It causes a heavy burden on the healthcare system globally. We aim to assess hypertension occurrence and its associated factors among women and men in Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2019 on 2203 community-dwelling women and men aged 18 years or above. Participants’ characteristics, comorbidity, behaviors, and physical measures were evaluated. Hypertension was classified as systolic/diastolic blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg or using antihypertensive medication. We analyzed data using logistic regression models. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 24.3% (20.9% in women, 29.1% in men). For women, older age (odds ratio, OR, 6.80–12.41; p < 0.001), income above the poverty line (OR, 0.64; p = 0.008), diabetes comorbid (OR, 2.98; p < 0.001), added salts consumption (OR, 1.80; p < 0.001), overweight/obesity (OR, 1.64; p = 0.005), abdominal obesity (OR, 2.07; p < 0.001) were associated with hypertension. For men, older age (OR, 2.67–5.92; p < 0.001), diabetes comorbid (OR, 2.25; p = 0.010), smoking (OR, 1.38; p = 0.046), and overweight/obesity (OR, 2.18; p < 0.001) were associated with hypertension. Conclusions: Hypertension is prevalent in Vietnamese people. The associated factors of hypertension are varied by gender.

AB - Background: Hypertension is a direct cardiovascular disease risk. It causes a heavy burden on the healthcare system globally. We aim to assess hypertension occurrence and its associated factors among women and men in Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2019 on 2203 community-dwelling women and men aged 18 years or above. Participants’ characteristics, comorbidity, behaviors, and physical measures were evaluated. Hypertension was classified as systolic/diastolic blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg or using antihypertensive medication. We analyzed data using logistic regression models. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 24.3% (20.9% in women, 29.1% in men). For women, older age (odds ratio, OR, 6.80–12.41; p < 0.001), income above the poverty line (OR, 0.64; p = 0.008), diabetes comorbid (OR, 2.98; p < 0.001), added salts consumption (OR, 1.80; p < 0.001), overweight/obesity (OR, 1.64; p = 0.005), abdominal obesity (OR, 2.07; p < 0.001) were associated with hypertension. For men, older age (OR, 2.67–5.92; p < 0.001), diabetes comorbid (OR, 2.25; p = 0.010), smoking (OR, 1.38; p = 0.046), and overweight/obesity (OR, 2.18; p < 0.001) were associated with hypertension. Conclusions: Hypertension is prevalent in Vietnamese people. The associated factors of hypertension are varied by gender.

KW - Abdominal obesity

KW - Added salts

KW - Diabetes

KW - Hypertension

KW - Obesity

KW - Older age

KW - Overweight

KW - Poverty

KW - Smoking

KW - Vietnam

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075625581&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85075625581&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph16234714

DO - 10.3390/ijerph16234714

M3 - Article

C2 - 31779236

AN - SCOPUS:85075625581

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 23

M1 - 4714

ER -