Background/Purpose: Desmosome gene mutations have been reported in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD). However, there are hardly any genetic studies in Asians. We studied the clinical characteristics, cardiac manifestations and desmosome gene mutations in ARVD patients in Taiwan. Methods: Medical records of five ARVD patients were reviewed and genomic DNA was obtained from peripheral blood samples. Mutation screening in desmoplakin (DSP), plakophilin-2, desmoglein-2 (DSG2) and desmocollin-2 genes was performed using polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing techniques. Results: Among the five patients, three presented with palpitations followed by loss of consciousness, and the other two had palpitations or chest tightness without loss of consciousness. Electrocardiogram (EGG), magnetic resonance imaging and signal averaged ECG results were similar to those reported in Western countries. Mutations in the desmosome genes were identified in four of the five patients (three with a DSG2 mutation and one with a DSP mutation). Five gene mutations were noted in four patients and all mutations were novel (one patient had a DSG2 double mutation). The mutation types were missense in four and splicing mutation in one. Conclusion: Patients with ARVD in Taiwan had similar clinical and cardiac manifestations as reported in the Western literature. More than half of the patients had desmosome gene mutations.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia
- DNA mutational analysis
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