Aqueous extract of Paris polyphylla (AEPP) inhibits ovarian cancer via suppression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator (PGC)-1alpha

Chia Woei Wang, Cheng Jeng Tai, Chen Yen Choong, Yu Chun Lin, Bao Hong Lee, Yeu Ching Shi, Chen Jei Tai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


Chemotherapy, a major approach was used in carcinoma treatment, always involves the development of drug resistance as well as side-effects that affect the quality of patients' lives. An association between epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and chemotherapy resistance was established recently. We demonstrate in this paper that the aqueous extract of Paris polyphylla (AEPP) - a traditional Chinese medicine - can be used in various cancer types for suppression of carcinogenesis. We evaluated the suppressions of EMT and mitochondrial activity by AEPP treatment in a high-glucose (HG) induced-human ovarian carcinoma cell line (OVCAR-3 cells). The mitochondrial morphology was investigated using MitoTracker Deep Red FM staining. Our results indicated that AEPP reduced the viability of OVCAR-3 cells considerably through induction of apoptosis. However, this inhibitory potential of AEPP was attenuated by HG induction in OVCAR-3 cells. The levels of estrogen-related receptor (ERR)-alpha activator and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator (PGC)-1alpha were elevated by HG induction, but were suppressed by AEPP treatment. Down-regulations of cell survival and EMT were oberved in OVCAR-3 cells through suppression of PGC-1alpha by AEPP treatment. These results were confirmed through PGC-1alpha knockdown and overexpression in OVCAR-3 cells. Thus, AEPP can be beneficial for treating ovarian cancer and has potential for development of an integrative cancer therapy against ovarian cancer proliferation, metastasis, and migration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number727
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016



  • Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)
  • High glucose induction
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Paris polyphylla
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator (PGC)-1alpha

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this