Appropriate liver resection type for patients with the American joint committee on cancer classification T1 and T2 hepatocellular carcinoma

Chung-Bao Hsieh, Kuo-Piao Chung, Chi-Ming Chu, Jyh-Cherng Yu, Huan-Fa Hsieh, Heng-Cheng Chu, Chih-Yung Yu, Teng-Wei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Synopsis: Major liver resection prevents intrahepatic tumor recurrence in T2 hepatocellular carcinoma patients with microvascular invasion or daughter nodules. Background and Objectives: There is no consensus on whether major or minor hepatectomy is better for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. We investigated the outcomes of liver resection type in resectable HCC patients. Methods: Two hundred sixty-three HCC patients with Child-Pugh class A liver function who underwent curative hepatectomy were enrolled. Among them, 186 patients had pathologic stage T1 HCC and 77 had stage T2 HCC. Patients were also classed according to the type of resection (major or minor). Clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes were compared. Results: Patients with T1 HCC who underwent major resection had a higher rate of blood transfusion than those who underwent minor resection (P <0.001). The disease-free survival rate of T2 patients who underwent major resection was better than that of patients who underwent minor resection (P = 0.004). The overall survival rates of T1 and T2 HCC patients did not differ significantly between those with major or minor resection. Conclusions: Major liver resection is recommended for T2 HCC patients with adequate remnant liver function because it results in a better disease-free survival rate than does minor resection in these patients. Minor liver resection is suggested for T1 HCC patients, except for those with a tumor sitting close to vessels, because it is associated with a low incidence of blood transfusion and a good survival rate. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-504
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hepatectomy
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Surgical strategy
  • Survival
  • adult
  • aged
  • article
  • blood transfusion
  • cancer classification
  • cancer invasion
  • disease free survival
  • female
  • hemihepatectomy
  • human
  • liver cell carcinoma
  • liver function
  • liver resection
  • major clinical study
  • male
  • morbidity
  • overall survival
  • priority journal
  • prognosis
  • surgical mortality
  • treatment outcome
  • tumor recurrence
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • alpha-Fetoproteins
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Analysis
  • Tumor Markers, Biological

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