Apigenin inhibits HGF-promoted invasive growth and metastasis involving blocking PI3K/Akt pathway and β4 integrin function in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells

Wei Jiunn Lee, Wen Kang Chen, Chau Jong Wang, Wea Lung Lin, Tsui H. Tseng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

132 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor, Met, known to control invasive growth program have recently been shown to play crucial roles in the survival of breast cancer patients. The diet-derived flavonoids have been reported to possess anti-invasion properties; however, knowledge on the pharmacological and molecular mechanisms in suppressing HGF/Met-mediated tumor invasion and metastasis is poorly understood. In our preliminary study, we use HGF as an invasive inducer to investigate the effect of flavonoids including apigenin, naringenin, genistein and kaempferol on HGF-dependent invasive growth of MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. Results show that apigenin presents the most potent anti-migration and anti-invasion properties by Boyden chamber assay. Furthermore, apigenin represses the HGF-induced cell motility and scattering and inhibits the HGF-promoted cell migration and invasion in a dose-dependent manner. The effect of apigenin on HGF-induced signaling activation involving invasive growth was evaluated by immunoblotting analysis, it shows that apigenin blocks the HGF-induced Akt phosphorylation but not Met, ERK, and JNK phosphorylation. In addition to MDA-MB-231 cells, apigenin exhibits inhibitory effect on HGF-induced Akt phosphorylation in hepatoma SK-Hep1 cells and lung carcinoma A549 cells. By indirect immunofluorescence microscopy assay, apigenin inhibits the HGF-induced clustering of β4 integrin at actin-rich adhesive site and lamellipodia through PI3K-dependent manner. Treatment of apigenin inhibited HGF-stimulated integrin β4 function including cell-matrix adhesion and cell-endothelial cells adhesion in MDA-MB-231 cells. By Akt-siRNA transfection analysis, it confirmed that apigenin inhibited HGF-promoted invasive growth involving blocking PI3K/Akt pathway. Finally, we evaluated the effect of apigenin on HGF-promoted metastasis by lung colonization of tumor cells in nude mice and organ metastasis of tumor cells in chick embryo. By histological and gross examination of mouse lung and real-time PCR analysis of human alu in host tissues, it showed that apigenin, wortmannin, as well as anti-β4 antibody all inhibit HGF-promoted metastasis. These data support the inhibitory effect of apigenin on HGF-promoted invasive growth and metastasis involving blocking PI3K/Akt pathway and integrin β4 function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-191
Number of pages14
JournalToxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume226
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Apigenin
  • HGF
  • Integrin β4
  • Invasive growth
  • Met
  • Metastasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology

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