Antiproliferation and radiosensitization of caffeic acid phenethyl ester on human medulloblastoma cells

Yi Hsien Lin, Jen Hwey Chiu, Wen Ser Tseng, Tai-Tong Wong, Shih Hwa Chiou, Sang Hue Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate antiproliferative and radiosensitizing effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on medulloblastoma (MB) Daoy cells. Methods and materials: Daoy cells were treated with CAPE in different concentrations and assessed for cell viability, apoptosis, cell cycles, cyclin Bl expressions, radio-sensitization and chemosensitization. Human astroglia SVGp12 cells were treated with CAPE to present the possible protection or complication effects in normal tissues. Results: CAPE inhibited the growth of Daoy cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner in MTT and Trypan blue exclusion assays. Flow cytometry revealed that CAPE significantly decreased G2/M fraction, and increased the S phase fraction. Western blot demonstrated a down-regulated cyclin B1 protein expression. Pretreatment with CAPE markedly decreased the viability of irradiated Daoy cells. The sensitizer enhancement ratios (SERs) were increased in CAPE-treated Daoy cells. CAPE in doxorubicin and cisplatin did not show chemosensitizing effect. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate the antiproliferative and radiosensitizing effects of CAPE for Daoy cells, which might bring improvement to the treatment of MB. For clinical application, in vivo models are expected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-532
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Antiproliferation
  • Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE)
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Propolis
  • Radiosensitization
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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