Antioxidant Effects of Chromium Supplementation with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Euglycemic Subjects

Hsing-Hsien Cheng, Ming Hoang Lai, Wen C. Hou, Chen-Ling Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To determine the effects of chromium (Cr) supplementations on oxidative stress of type 2 diabetes and euglycemic (EU) subjects, adult having HbA 1c values of 8.5% (severely hyperglycemic, SH) were supplemented for 6 months with 1000 μg/day of Cr (as Cr yeast) or with a placebo. In the beginning, the levels of the plasma Cr in the MH and SH groups were 25-30% lower than those of the EU subjects. The values of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and total antioxidative status (TAS) of the MH and SH groups were significantly higher than those of the EU ones. Following supplementations, the levels of plasma TBARS in the Cr groups of MH and SH groups were significantly decreased (the inverse was found in the EU) and showed no significant changes in the placebo group. The levels of plasma TAS in the Cr groups of EU and MH were significantly decreased (the inverse was found in the SH) and showed no significant changes in the placebo group. No significant difference was found in the antioxidant enzyme (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase) activities during supplementations. These data suggest that Cr supplementation was an effective treatment strategy to minimize increased oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients whose HbA1c level was >8.5%, and the Cr in EU groups might act as a prooxidant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1385-1389
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume52
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 10 2004

Fingerprint

Chromium
Medical problems
chromium
noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Antioxidants
antioxidants
placebos
Oxidative stress
Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
Placebos
Plasmas
thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances
Oxidative Stress
oxidative stress
glycohemoglobin
Glutathione Peroxidase
glutathione peroxidase
Yeast
Catalase

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Chromium
  • Diabetes
  • Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS)
  • Total antioxidative status (TAS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Antioxidant Effects of Chromium Supplementation with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Euglycemic Subjects. / Cheng, Hsing-Hsien; Lai, Ming Hoang; Hou, Wen C.; Huang, Chen-Ling.

In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 52, No. 5, 10.03.2004, p. 1385-1389.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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