Antimutagenic activity of extracts from anticancer drugs in Chinese medicine

Huei Lee, Jung Yaw Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The antimutagenic activities of extracts of 36 commonly used anticancer crude drugs from Chinese herbs were studied by using the Salmonella/microsomal system in the presence of picrolonic acid or benzo[a]pyrene to test whether they contain direct or indirect antimutagens. Each crude drug was extracted with boiling water for 2 h, the method which is commonly used by Chinese people to prepare the drug for oral intake. The extracts of Pteris multifida P. showed the highest antimutagenic activity against picrolonic acid-induced mutation. The extracts of 6 other different kinds of Chinese herbs were shown to have a moderate antimutagenic activity against picrolonic acid-induced mutation, and they are: Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC. and Crotalaria sessiflora L., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T. The extracts of Smilax china L., Prunella vulgaris L. and Actinidia chinensis P. were demonstrated to inhibit the mutagenicity of benzo[a]pyrene completely. The 12 other kinds of extracts of Chinese herbs which had a moderate antimutagenic activity against benzo[a]pyrene were: Pteris polyphylla S., Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., Duchesnea indica F., Gossypium herbaceum L., Lithospermum erythrorrhizon SZ., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Selaginella doederleinii H., Dianthus superbus L., Centipeda minima ABA., Curcuma zedoaria R., Marsdenia tenacissima WA. and Kalopanax septemlobus K. Among them, there were 5 kinds of crude drugs, Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., containing antimutagenic factors against both picrolonic acid- and benzo[a]pyrene-induced mutation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-234
Number of pages6
JournalMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology
Volume204
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ampelopsis
Prunella
Actinidia
Benzo(a)pyrene
Artemisia
Medicine
Pteris
Paris
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Mutation
Kalopanax
Marsdenia
Lithospermum
Smilax
Selaginellaceae
Crotalaria
Dianthus
Antimutagenic Agents
Gossypium
Curcuma

Keywords

  • Anticancer drugs
  • Antimutagenic activity
  • Benzo[a]pyrene
  • Chinese medicine
  • Herb extracts
  • Picrolonic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Toxicology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Antimutagenic activity of extracts from anticancer drugs in Chinese medicine. / Lee, Huei; Lin, Jung Yaw.

In: Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology, Vol. 204, No. 2, 1988, p. 229-234.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2c85ab15755241f089c4ab425de21367,
title = "Antimutagenic activity of extracts from anticancer drugs in Chinese medicine",
abstract = "The antimutagenic activities of extracts of 36 commonly used anticancer crude drugs from Chinese herbs were studied by using the Salmonella/microsomal system in the presence of picrolonic acid or benzo[a]pyrene to test whether they contain direct or indirect antimutagens. Each crude drug was extracted with boiling water for 2 h, the method which is commonly used by Chinese people to prepare the drug for oral intake. The extracts of Pteris multifida P. showed the highest antimutagenic activity against picrolonic acid-induced mutation. The extracts of 6 other different kinds of Chinese herbs were shown to have a moderate antimutagenic activity against picrolonic acid-induced mutation, and they are: Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC. and Crotalaria sessiflora L., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T. The extracts of Smilax china L., Prunella vulgaris L. and Actinidia chinensis P. were demonstrated to inhibit the mutagenicity of benzo[a]pyrene completely. The 12 other kinds of extracts of Chinese herbs which had a moderate antimutagenic activity against benzo[a]pyrene were: Pteris polyphylla S., Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., Duchesnea indica F., Gossypium herbaceum L., Lithospermum erythrorrhizon SZ., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Selaginella doederleinii H., Dianthus superbus L., Centipeda minima ABA., Curcuma zedoaria R., Marsdenia tenacissima WA. and Kalopanax septemlobus K. Among them, there were 5 kinds of crude drugs, Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., containing antimutagenic factors against both picrolonic acid- and benzo[a]pyrene-induced mutation.",
keywords = "Anticancer drugs, Antimutagenic activity, Benzo[a]pyrene, Chinese medicine, Herb extracts, Picrolonic acid",
author = "Huei Lee and Lin, {Jung Yaw}",
year = "1988",
doi = "10.1016/0165-1218(88)90093-6",
language = "English",
volume = "204",
pages = "229--234",
journal = "Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology Testing and Biomonitoring of Environmental or Occupational Exposure",
issn = "0165-1218",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antimutagenic activity of extracts from anticancer drugs in Chinese medicine

AU - Lee, Huei

AU - Lin, Jung Yaw

PY - 1988

Y1 - 1988

N2 - The antimutagenic activities of extracts of 36 commonly used anticancer crude drugs from Chinese herbs were studied by using the Salmonella/microsomal system in the presence of picrolonic acid or benzo[a]pyrene to test whether they contain direct or indirect antimutagens. Each crude drug was extracted with boiling water for 2 h, the method which is commonly used by Chinese people to prepare the drug for oral intake. The extracts of Pteris multifida P. showed the highest antimutagenic activity against picrolonic acid-induced mutation. The extracts of 6 other different kinds of Chinese herbs were shown to have a moderate antimutagenic activity against picrolonic acid-induced mutation, and they are: Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC. and Crotalaria sessiflora L., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T. The extracts of Smilax china L., Prunella vulgaris L. and Actinidia chinensis P. were demonstrated to inhibit the mutagenicity of benzo[a]pyrene completely. The 12 other kinds of extracts of Chinese herbs which had a moderate antimutagenic activity against benzo[a]pyrene were: Pteris polyphylla S., Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., Duchesnea indica F., Gossypium herbaceum L., Lithospermum erythrorrhizon SZ., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Selaginella doederleinii H., Dianthus superbus L., Centipeda minima ABA., Curcuma zedoaria R., Marsdenia tenacissima WA. and Kalopanax septemlobus K. Among them, there were 5 kinds of crude drugs, Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., containing antimutagenic factors against both picrolonic acid- and benzo[a]pyrene-induced mutation.

AB - The antimutagenic activities of extracts of 36 commonly used anticancer crude drugs from Chinese herbs were studied by using the Salmonella/microsomal system in the presence of picrolonic acid or benzo[a]pyrene to test whether they contain direct or indirect antimutagens. Each crude drug was extracted with boiling water for 2 h, the method which is commonly used by Chinese people to prepare the drug for oral intake. The extracts of Pteris multifida P. showed the highest antimutagenic activity against picrolonic acid-induced mutation. The extracts of 6 other different kinds of Chinese herbs were shown to have a moderate antimutagenic activity against picrolonic acid-induced mutation, and they are: Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC. and Crotalaria sessiflora L., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T. The extracts of Smilax china L., Prunella vulgaris L. and Actinidia chinensis P. were demonstrated to inhibit the mutagenicity of benzo[a]pyrene completely. The 12 other kinds of extracts of Chinese herbs which had a moderate antimutagenic activity against benzo[a]pyrene were: Pteris polyphylla S., Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., Duchesnea indica F., Gossypium herbaceum L., Lithospermum erythrorrhizon SZ., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Selaginella doederleinii H., Dianthus superbus L., Centipeda minima ABA., Curcuma zedoaria R., Marsdenia tenacissima WA. and Kalopanax septemlobus K. Among them, there were 5 kinds of crude drugs, Actinidia chinensis P., Artemisia lavendulaefolia DC., Prunella vulgaris L., Paris polyphylla S. and Ampelopsis brevipedunculata T., containing antimutagenic factors against both picrolonic acid- and benzo[a]pyrene-induced mutation.

KW - Anticancer drugs

KW - Antimutagenic activity

KW - Benzo[a]pyrene

KW - Chinese medicine

KW - Herb extracts

KW - Picrolonic acid

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023837623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023837623&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0165-1218(88)90093-6

DO - 10.1016/0165-1218(88)90093-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 3278214

AN - SCOPUS:0023837623

VL - 204

SP - 229

EP - 234

JO - Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology Testing and Biomonitoring of Environmental or Occupational Exposure

JF - Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology Testing and Biomonitoring of Environmental or Occupational Exposure

SN - 0165-1218

IS - 2

ER -