Antifatigue activity and exercise performance of phenolic-rich extracts from calendula officinalis, ribes nigrum, and vaccinium myrtillus

Yu Tang Tung, Ming Fang Wu, Mon Chien Lee, Jyh Horng Wu, Chi Chang Huang, Wen Ching Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Calendula officinalis, Ribes nigrum, and Vaccinium myrtillus (CRV) possess a high phenolic compound content with excellent antioxidant activity. Dietary antioxidants can reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress. Consumption of large amounts of phenolic compounds is positively correlated with reduction in exercise-induced muscle damage. Research for natural products to improve exercise capacity, relieve fatigue, and accelerate fatigue alleviation is ongoing. Here, CRV containing a large total phenolic content (13.4 mg/g of CRV) demonstrated antioxidant activity. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography quantification revealed 1.95 ± 0.02 mg of salidroside in 1 g of CRV. In the current study, CRV were administered to mice for five weeks, and the antifatigue effect of CRV was evaluated using the forelimb grip strength test; weight-loaded swimming test; and measurement of fatigue-related biochemical indicators, such as blood lactate, ammonia, glucose, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatine kinase (CK) activity; and muscle and liver glycogen content. The results indicated that in CRV-treated mice, the forelimb grip strength significantly increased; weight-loaded swimming time prolonged; their lactate, ammonia, BUN, and CK activity decreased, and muscle and liver glucose and glycogen content increased compared with the vehicle group. Thus, CRV have antifatigue activity and can increase exercise tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1715
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Calendula
Vaccinium myrtillus
Ribes
Calendula officinalis
Ribes nigrum
Fatigue
Liver Glycogen
exercise
Forelimb
Antioxidants
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Hand Strength
Creatine Kinase
Ammonia
Muscles
Lactic Acid
extracts
creatine kinase
forelimbs
urea nitrogen

Keywords

  • Antifatigue activity
  • Antioxidant
  • Exercise adaption
  • Polyphenol
  • Salidroside

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Antifatigue activity and exercise performance of phenolic-rich extracts from calendula officinalis, ribes nigrum, and vaccinium myrtillus. / Tung, Yu Tang; Wu, Ming Fang; Lee, Mon Chien; Wu, Jyh Horng; Huang, Chi Chang; Huang, Wen Ching.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 8, 1715, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tung, Yu Tang ; Wu, Ming Fang ; Lee, Mon Chien ; Wu, Jyh Horng ; Huang, Chi Chang ; Huang, Wen Ching. / Antifatigue activity and exercise performance of phenolic-rich extracts from calendula officinalis, ribes nigrum, and vaccinium myrtillus. In: Nutrients. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 8.
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