Background: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) mediates immune reaction in patients with asthma. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) are inflammatory mediators whose responses to the anti-TSLP antibody are unknown. This study examined the effect of an anti-TSLP antibody on MMP, CTGF, TGF-β, and airway structural changes in airway remodeling in asthma. Methods: Mice were randomly divided into phosphate-buffered-saline-challenged (PBS), ovalbumin-challenged (OVA), and ovalbumin-challenged with anti-TSLP antibody (OVA + anti-TSLP) groups. Airway responsiveness and serum ovalbumin-specific immunoglobulin E were measured. Differential cell counts and MMP-2 and MMP-9 were evaluated in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Airway structural changes were quantified using morphometric analysis and presentation by immunohistochemistry staining. Lung CTGF, TGF-β, and TSLP were analyzed using western blot. Results: Airway responsiveness was significantly lower in OVA + anti-TSLP and PBS groups than in OVA group. Airway structural changes exhibited less smooth muscle thickness in OVA + anti-TSLP and PBS groups than in OVA group. MMP-2 and MMP-9 in BALF and CTGF, TGF-β, and TSLP in lungs significantly decreased in OVA + anti-TSLP and PBS groups compared with OVA group. Conclusion: Anti-TSLP antibody exerts the preventive effect of decreasing airway structural changes through reduction of MMP, TGF-β, and CTGF in airway remodeling of asthma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health