121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inflammation can cause various physical dysfunctions. Punica granatum Linne (pomegranate), a high phenolic content fruit, is widely used as an antipyretic analgesic in Chinese culture. Pomegranate has shown potential nitric oxide (NO) inhibition in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Moreover, pomegranate (100 mg/kg) significantly decreased carrageenan-induced mice paw edema for 1, 3, 4, and 5 h. Therefore, column chromatography combined with in vitro bioassay-guided fractionation was used to isolate the active anti-inflammatory components from the pomegranate. Punicalagin (1), punicalin (2), strictinin A (3), and granatin B (4) were obtained with yields of 0.093%, 0.015%, 0.003%, and 0.013%, respectively. All these hydrolysable tannins inhibited NO production and iNOS expression in RAW 264.7 cells. Among them, 4 showed the strongest iNOS and COX-2 inhibitory effects, and exhibited these effects in the inhibition of paw swelling and the PGE2 level in carrageenan-induced mice. Taken together, we suggest that 4 could be used as a standard marker for the anti-inflammatory effect of pomegranate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-322
Number of pages8
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume118
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2010

Fingerprint

Punicaceae
Punica granatum
Carrageenan
carrageenan
anti-inflammatory activity
nitric oxide
Nitric Oxide
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Hydrolyzable Tannins
antipyretics
Antipyretics
Column chromatography
Bioassay
Macrophages
mice
analgesics
prostaglandin synthase
Fractionation
Fruits
Dinoprostone

Keywords

  • Anti-inflammation
  • Cyclooxygenase-2
  • Ellagictannin
  • Granatin B
  • Inducible nitric oxide synthase
  • Nitric oxide
  • Punica granatum L.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

Anti-inflammatory effects of Punica granatum Linne in vitro and in vivo. / Lee, Chia Jung; Chen, Lih Geeng; Liang, Wen Li; Wang, Ching Chiung.

In: Food Chemistry, Vol. 118, No. 2, 15.01.2010, p. 315-322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Inflammation can cause various physical dysfunctions. Punica granatum Linne (pomegranate), a high phenolic content fruit, is widely used as an antipyretic analgesic in Chinese culture. Pomegranate has shown potential nitric oxide (NO) inhibition in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Moreover, pomegranate (100 mg/kg) significantly decreased carrageenan-induced mice paw edema for 1, 3, 4, and 5 h. Therefore, column chromatography combined with in vitro bioassay-guided fractionation was used to isolate the active anti-inflammatory components from the pomegranate. Punicalagin (1), punicalin (2), strictinin A (3), and granatin B (4) were obtained with yields of 0.093{\%}, 0.015{\%}, 0.003{\%}, and 0.013{\%}, respectively. All these hydrolysable tannins inhibited NO production and iNOS expression in RAW 264.7 cells. Among them, 4 showed the strongest iNOS and COX-2 inhibitory effects, and exhibited these effects in the inhibition of paw swelling and the PGE2 level in carrageenan-induced mice. Taken together, we suggest that 4 could be used as a standard marker for the anti-inflammatory effect of pomegranate.",
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AB - Inflammation can cause various physical dysfunctions. Punica granatum Linne (pomegranate), a high phenolic content fruit, is widely used as an antipyretic analgesic in Chinese culture. Pomegranate has shown potential nitric oxide (NO) inhibition in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Moreover, pomegranate (100 mg/kg) significantly decreased carrageenan-induced mice paw edema for 1, 3, 4, and 5 h. Therefore, column chromatography combined with in vitro bioassay-guided fractionation was used to isolate the active anti-inflammatory components from the pomegranate. Punicalagin (1), punicalin (2), strictinin A (3), and granatin B (4) were obtained with yields of 0.093%, 0.015%, 0.003%, and 0.013%, respectively. All these hydrolysable tannins inhibited NO production and iNOS expression in RAW 264.7 cells. Among them, 4 showed the strongest iNOS and COX-2 inhibitory effects, and exhibited these effects in the inhibition of paw swelling and the PGE2 level in carrageenan-induced mice. Taken together, we suggest that 4 could be used as a standard marker for the anti-inflammatory effect of pomegranate.

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