Anti-CD20 as the B-cell targeting agent in a combined therapy to modulate anti-factor VIII immune responses in hemophilia A inhibitor mice

Chao Lien Liu, Peiqing Ye, Jacqueline Lin, Chérie L. Butts, Carol H. Miao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neutralizing antibody formation against transgene products can represent a major complication following gene therapy with treatment of genetic diseases, such as hemophilia A. Although successful approaches have been developed to prevent the formation of anti-factor VIII (FVIII) antibodies, innovative strategies to overcome pre-existing anti-FVIII immune responses in FVIII-primed subjects are still lacking. Anti-FVIII neutralizing antibodies circulate for long periods in part due to persistence of memory B-cells. Anti-CD20 targets a variety of B-cells (pre-B-cells to mature/memory cells); therefore, we investigated the impact of B-cell depletion on anti-FVIII immune responses in hemophilia A mice using anti-CD20 combined with regulatory T (Treg) cell expansion using IL-2/IL-2mAb complexes plus rapamycin. We found that anti-CD20 alone can partially modulate anti-FVIII immune responses in both unprimed and FVIII-primed hemophilia A mice. Moreover, in mice treated with anti-CD20+IL-2/IL-2mAb complexes+rapamycin+FVIII, anti-FVIII antibody titers were significantly reduced in comparison to mice treated with regimens targeting only B or T cells. In addition, titers remained low after a second challenge with FVIII plasmid. Treg cells and activation markers were transiently and significantly increased in the groups treated with IL-2/IL-2mAb complexes; however, significant B-cell depletion was obtained in anti-CD20-treated groups. Importantly, both FVIII-specific antibody-secreting cells and memory B-cells were significantly reduced in mice treated with combination therapy. This study demonstrates that a combination regimen is highly promising as a treatment option for modulating anti-FVIII antibodies and facilitating induction of long-term tolerance to FVIII in hemophilia A mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number502
JournalFrontiers in Immunology
Volume4
Issue numberJAN
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Anti-CD20
  • B-cell depletion
  • Factor VIII
  • Hemophilia
  • Immunomodulation
  • Tolerance induction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Anti-CD20 as the B-cell targeting agent in a combined therapy to modulate anti-factor VIII immune responses in hemophilia A inhibitor mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this