Anti-asthmatic activity of azepino [2, 1-b] quinazolones, synthetic analogues of vasicine, an alkaloid from Adhatoda vasica

Sheikh Rayees, Naresh Kumar Satti, Rukmankesh Mehra, Amit Nargotra, Shafaq Rasool, Anjna Sharma, Promod Kumar Sahu, Rajnikant, Vivek K. Gupta, Kunal Nepali, Gurdarshan Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Asthma is characterized by persistent airway inflammation caused by over expression of pro-inflammatory immune response, predominantly by eosinophils and lymphocytes. Lymphocytes (CD4+ Th2) have been documented to be responsible for the pathogenesis of asthma by secreting Th2 cytokines and activating eosinophils, leading to airway hypersensitivity. Secretion of Th2 cytokines has been shown critical for the induction of the characteristic airway inflammation in humans and animal models of asthma. These cytokines influence the inflammatory response and lead to the pathological changes associated with asthma. In the present study, 10 azepino [2,1-b] quinazolone derivatives (R1 to R10) were synthesised and evaluated for their anti-asthmatic activity using a murine model of asthma. The compounds R2, R4, R6, R7 and R8 caused a notable decrease Th2 cytokine secretion and eosinophilia in asthma-induced animals. However, the decrease was highly significant in case of R8-treated animals. Crystal structure of R8 was made by X-ray crystallography. Molecular modelling studies were done for the compound R8 with transcription factors STAT6 and GATA3 which are the main transcription factors responsible for Th2 cell differentiation. Also the pharmacokinetics of R8 was carried out in mice after oral and intravenous administrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4269-4279
Number of pages11
JournalMedicinal Chemistry Research
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Justicia
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Alkaloids
Asthma
Cytokines
Animals
Lymphocytes
GATA3 Transcription Factor
STAT6 Transcription Factor
Eosinophils
Molecular modeling
Pharmacokinetics
X ray crystallography
Inflammation
Th2 Cells
Transcription Factors
Crystal structure
X Ray Crystallography
Eosinophilia
Derivatives

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Eosinophils
  • Lymphocytes
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Th2 cytokines
  • Vasicine
  • X-ray crystallography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Anti-asthmatic activity of azepino [2, 1-b] quinazolones, synthetic analogues of vasicine, an alkaloid from Adhatoda vasica. / Rayees, Sheikh; Satti, Naresh Kumar; Mehra, Rukmankesh; Nargotra, Amit; Rasool, Shafaq; Sharma, Anjna; Sahu, Promod Kumar; Rajnikant; Gupta, Vivek K.; Nepali, Kunal; Singh, Gurdarshan.

In: Medicinal Chemistry Research, Vol. 23, No. 9, 05.08.2014, p. 4269-4279.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rayees, S, Satti, NK, Mehra, R, Nargotra, A, Rasool, S, Sharma, A, Sahu, PK, Rajnikant, Gupta, VK, Nepali, K & Singh, G 2014, 'Anti-asthmatic activity of azepino [2, 1-b] quinazolones, synthetic analogues of vasicine, an alkaloid from Adhatoda vasica', Medicinal Chemistry Research, vol. 23, no. 9, pp. 4269-4279. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00044-014-0996-y
Rayees, Sheikh ; Satti, Naresh Kumar ; Mehra, Rukmankesh ; Nargotra, Amit ; Rasool, Shafaq ; Sharma, Anjna ; Sahu, Promod Kumar ; Rajnikant ; Gupta, Vivek K. ; Nepali, Kunal ; Singh, Gurdarshan. / Anti-asthmatic activity of azepino [2, 1-b] quinazolones, synthetic analogues of vasicine, an alkaloid from Adhatoda vasica. In: Medicinal Chemistry Research. 2014 ; Vol. 23, No. 9. pp. 4269-4279.
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