Anemia, hematinic deficiencies, and hyperhomocysteinemia in younger and older burning mouth syndrome patients

Yu Hsueh Wu, Yang Che Wu, Julia Yu Fong Chang, Ming Jane Lang, Chun Pin Chiang, Andy Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract Background/purpose: Our previous study found that 19.8%, 16.2%, 4.8%, 2.3%, and 19.2% of 884 burning mouth syndrome (BMS) patients have anemia, serum iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies, and hyperhomocysteinemia, respectively. This study mainly evaluated the anemia, hematinic deficiencies, and hyperhomocysteinemia in 272 younger (≤50 years old) and 612 older (>50 years old) BMS patients. Materials and methods: The blood hemoglobin (Hb) and serum iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, and homocysteine levels in 272 younger and 612 older BMS patients were measured and compared with the corresponding levels in 136 younger (≤50 years old) and 306 older (>50 years old) healthy control subjects (HCSs), respectively. Results: We found that 272 younger BMS patients had significantly lower mean blood Hb and serum iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid levels than 136 younger HCSs. Moreover, 612 older BMS patients had significantly lower mean blood Hb, and serum iron and vitamin B12 levels and significantly higher mean serum homocysteine level than 306 older HCSs. In addition, 272 younger BMS patients had higher mean blood Hb level (marginal significance, P = 0.056), significantly lower mean serum vitamin B12 and folic acid levels, and significantly higher frequencies of iron and folic acid deficiencies than 612 older BMS patients. Conclusion: The younger BMS patients do have higher mean blood Hb level, significantly lower mean serum vitamin B12 and folic acid levels, and significantly higher frequencies of serum iron and folic acid deficiencies than the older BMS patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Burning mouth syndrome
  • Folic acid
  • Hemoglobin
  • Iron
  • Vitamin B12
  • Younger or older patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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