Anemia, hematinic deficiencies, and hyperhomocysteinemia in male and female burning mouth syndrome patients

Yu Hsueh Wu, Ying Tai Jin, Yang Che Wu, Julia Yu-Fong Chang, Chun Pin Chiang, Andy Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/purpose: Our previous study found that 19.8%, 16.2%, 4.8%, 2.3%, 19.2%, and 12.3% of 884 burning mouth syndrome (BMS) patients have anemia, serum iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid deficiencies, hyperhomocysteinemia, and serum gastric parietal cell antibody (GPCA) positivity, respectively. This study mainly evaluated the anemia, hematinic deficiencies, and hyperhomocysteinemia in 212 male and 672 female BMS patients. Materials and methods: The blood hemoglobin (Hb) and serum iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, homocysteine, GPCA levels in 212 male and 672 female BMS patients were measured and compared with the corresponding levels in 106 male and 336 female healthy control subjects, respectively. Results: We found that 212 male BMS patients had significantly lower mean blood Hb, serum iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid levels and significantly higher mean serum homocysteine levels than 106 male healthy control subjects. Moreover, 672 female BMS patients had significantly lower mean blood Hb and serum iron levels and significantly higher mean serum homocysteine level than 336 female healthy control subjects. In addition, 212 male BMS patients had significantly higher mean blood Hb and serum homocysteine levels, significantly lower mean serum vitamin B12 and folic acid levels, and significantly higher frequencies of folic acid deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemis than 672 female BMS patients. Conclusion: The male BMS patients do have significantly higher mean blood Hb and serum homocysteine levels, significantly lower mean serum vitamin B12 and folic acid levels, and significantly higher frequencies of folic acid deficiency and hyperhomocysteinemis than the female BMS patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dental Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Burning mouth syndrome
  • Folic acid
  • Hemoglobin
  • Homocysteine
  • Iron
  • Vitamin B12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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