Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis, or the synonymous name of Boussingaultia baselloides or Boussingaultia gracilis var. pseudobaselloides, is a South American species of ornamental succulent vine, commonly known as the madeira-vine. The fresh leaves of madeira-vine are frequently used as vegetables. A. cordifolia is an evergreen climber that grows from fleshy rhizomes. The rhizome contained one major (23 kDa) protein band under non-reducing condition in the SDS-PAGE. The first 15 amino acids in the N-terminal region of the major protein band (23 kDa), named tentatively ancordin, were KDDLLVLDIGGNPVV which were highly homologous to sequences of winged bean seed protein ws-1, Medicago truncatula proteinase inhibitor, soybean trypsin inhibitor, and sporamin. By using activity stains, the ancordin showed trypsin inhibitory activity in the SDS-PAGE gel which was found not only in rhizomes but also in aerial tubers, but few in fresh leaves. The crude extracts from rhizomes of madeira-vine were directly loaded onto trypsin-Sepharose 4B affinity column. After washing with 100 mM Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.9) containing 100 mM NaCl, the ancordin was eluted directly by 0.2 M KC1-HC1 buffer (pH 2.0). In calculation, the purified protein exhibited 0.0428 μg trypsin inhibition/μg ancordin (corresponding to 0.53 unit of TPCK-treated trypsin inhibited/μg ancordin). The purified ancordin was used to evaluate the nitric oxide productions in RAW264.7 cells in the presence of polymyxin B (poly B, 50 μg/ml) to eliminate the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) contaminations. It was found that ancordin (1.25-5 μg/ml) could dose-dependently (R = 0.954) stimulate the nitric oxide (NO) productions (expressed as nitrite concentrations) in RAW264.7 cells without significant cytotoxicity, and kept the similar effects in NO production in 6.25 μg/ml ancordin.
- Anredera cordifolia
- Nitric oxide
- Trypsin inhibitory activity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience