Anatomical position of the mandibular canal in relation to the buccal cortical bone in Chinese patients with different dentofacial relationships

Chun-Yuan Huang, Yu-Fang Liao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the position of the mandibular canal in relation to the buccal cortical bone in Chinese patients with three dentofacial relationships: normal dentition, retrognathism, and prognathism. Methods: Cone-beam computed tomography and lateral cephalograms of patients with normal dentation, retrognathism, and prognathism (n = 32 each group) were reviewed. Measurements of the shortest distance from the outer/buccal edge of the mandibular canal to the inner surface of the buccal cortex, and the distance from the lingula of the ramus to the dorsal root of the first molar were recorded. Results: No significant difference was observed between the three groups in the distribution of contact or fusion of the mandibular canal, or in the course of the mandibular canal on the right or left side. When the shortest distance at the lingula on the left side was >2.1 mm, no instances of contact or fusion were observed. On the right side, 100% of the patients had no contact or fusion when the shortest distance was >2.7 mm at the lingula. Conclusion: The shortest distance from the outer/buccal edge of the mandibular canal to the inner surface of the buccal cortex measured at the lingula can predict contact or fusion. During sagittal split ramus osteotomy, great care should be observed at the point halfway between the lingula and the anterior ramus border where the inferior alveolar nerve is the closest to the cortical bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)981-990
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Volume115
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016

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Zygoma
Cheek
Retrognathia
Prognathism
Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy
Mandibular Nerve
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Dentition
Spinal Nerve Roots
Cortical Bone

Keywords

  • Inferior alveolar nerve
  • Mandibular canal
  • Prognathism
  • Retrognathism
  • Sagittal split ramus osteotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Anatomical position of the mandibular canal in relation to the buccal cortical bone in Chinese patients with different dentofacial relationships",
abstract = "Background/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the position of the mandibular canal in relation to the buccal cortical bone in Chinese patients with three dentofacial relationships: normal dentition, retrognathism, and prognathism. Methods: Cone-beam computed tomography and lateral cephalograms of patients with normal dentation, retrognathism, and prognathism (n = 32 each group) were reviewed. Measurements of the shortest distance from the outer/buccal edge of the mandibular canal to the inner surface of the buccal cortex, and the distance from the lingula of the ramus to the dorsal root of the first molar were recorded. Results: No significant difference was observed between the three groups in the distribution of contact or fusion of the mandibular canal, or in the course of the mandibular canal on the right or left side. When the shortest distance at the lingula on the left side was >2.1 mm, no instances of contact or fusion were observed. On the right side, 100{\%} of the patients had no contact or fusion when the shortest distance was >2.7 mm at the lingula. Conclusion: The shortest distance from the outer/buccal edge of the mandibular canal to the inner surface of the buccal cortex measured at the lingula can predict contact or fusion. During sagittal split ramus osteotomy, great care should be observed at the point halfway between the lingula and the anterior ramus border where the inferior alveolar nerve is the closest to the cortical bone.",
keywords = "Inferior alveolar nerve, Mandibular canal, Prognathism, Retrognathism, Sagittal split ramus osteotomy",
author = "Chun-Yuan Huang and Yu-Fang Liao",
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AU - Huang, Chun-Yuan

AU - Liao, Yu-Fang

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N2 - Background/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the position of the mandibular canal in relation to the buccal cortical bone in Chinese patients with three dentofacial relationships: normal dentition, retrognathism, and prognathism. Methods: Cone-beam computed tomography and lateral cephalograms of patients with normal dentation, retrognathism, and prognathism (n = 32 each group) were reviewed. Measurements of the shortest distance from the outer/buccal edge of the mandibular canal to the inner surface of the buccal cortex, and the distance from the lingula of the ramus to the dorsal root of the first molar were recorded. Results: No significant difference was observed between the three groups in the distribution of contact or fusion of the mandibular canal, or in the course of the mandibular canal on the right or left side. When the shortest distance at the lingula on the left side was >2.1 mm, no instances of contact or fusion were observed. On the right side, 100% of the patients had no contact or fusion when the shortest distance was >2.7 mm at the lingula. Conclusion: The shortest distance from the outer/buccal edge of the mandibular canal to the inner surface of the buccal cortex measured at the lingula can predict contact or fusion. During sagittal split ramus osteotomy, great care should be observed at the point halfway between the lingula and the anterior ramus border where the inferior alveolar nerve is the closest to the cortical bone.

AB - Background/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the position of the mandibular canal in relation to the buccal cortical bone in Chinese patients with three dentofacial relationships: normal dentition, retrognathism, and prognathism. Methods: Cone-beam computed tomography and lateral cephalograms of patients with normal dentation, retrognathism, and prognathism (n = 32 each group) were reviewed. Measurements of the shortest distance from the outer/buccal edge of the mandibular canal to the inner surface of the buccal cortex, and the distance from the lingula of the ramus to the dorsal root of the first molar were recorded. Results: No significant difference was observed between the three groups in the distribution of contact or fusion of the mandibular canal, or in the course of the mandibular canal on the right or left side. When the shortest distance at the lingula on the left side was >2.1 mm, no instances of contact or fusion were observed. On the right side, 100% of the patients had no contact or fusion when the shortest distance was >2.7 mm at the lingula. Conclusion: The shortest distance from the outer/buccal edge of the mandibular canal to the inner surface of the buccal cortex measured at the lingula can predict contact or fusion. During sagittal split ramus osteotomy, great care should be observed at the point halfway between the lingula and the anterior ramus border where the inferior alveolar nerve is the closest to the cortical bone.

KW - Inferior alveolar nerve

KW - Mandibular canal

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