Anaesthetic managements for conjoined twins with complex cardiac anomalies

Ta-Liang Chen, C. J. Lin, H. S. Lai, W. J. Chen, C. C. Chao, C. C. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the perioperative assessment and anaesthetic management for surgical separation of three sets of conjoined twins with complex cardiac anomalies threatened with arterial desaturation and haemodynamic instability. Clinical features: Three sets of conjoined twins, one omphaloischiopagus, one omphalopagus, and one thoraco-omphalopagus, were considered for separation during the perinatal or infantile period. Preoperative functional evaluation including continuous pulse oximetry, capnography, and cardiac electrophysiological studies were considered to be as important as anatomical evaluation of the cardiac anomalies and cross-circulation by angiography in assessing the feasibility of surgical separation. Ipsilateral infusion of prostaglandin E1 and phenylephrine were applied to the cyanotic and healthy twins respectively, to restore arterial oxygenation intraoperatively and to avoid profound hypoxaemia. Conclusion: Surgical separation and anaesthesia should be well planned and rehearsed before clinical deterioration of the weaker twin. Aggressive pharmacological intervention and understanding of the cross-circulation pathophysiology is necessary to manage critical situations during surgical separation and in the postoperative period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1167
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Anesthesia
Volume43
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cross Circulation
Conjoined Twins
Anesthetics
Capnography
Oximetry
Alprostadil
Phenylephrine
Postoperative Period
Angiography
Anesthesia
Hemodynamics
Pharmacology

Keywords

  • Anaesthesia: paediatric
  • Congenital Anomaly: cardiac
  • Twins: conjoined

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Anaesthetic managements for conjoined twins with complex cardiac anomalies. / Chen, Ta-Liang; Lin, C. J.; Lai, H. S.; Chen, W. J.; Chao, C. C.; Liu, C. C.

In: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia, Vol. 43, No. 11, 11.1996, p. 1161-1167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Ta-Liang ; Lin, C. J. ; Lai, H. S. ; Chen, W. J. ; Chao, C. C. ; Liu, C. C. / Anaesthetic managements for conjoined twins with complex cardiac anomalies. In: Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 1996 ; Vol. 43, No. 11. pp. 1161-1167.
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