An overview for current imaging diagnosis of myocardial infarction

Titus I Ekanem, Nen-Chung Chang, Wen-FuThomas Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Myocardial infarction (MI) occurs due to interruption to blood supply to the heart. WHO estimated 12.2% of the world population to have died from the condition in 2008. Patients often present with signs and symptoms of crushing chest pressure, diaphoresis, malignant ventricular arrhythmias, heart failure, or shock; sometimes can manifest as sudden cardiac death. It can be silent in 25% of elderly patients. Haematologic pathology itself and or its treatment are known to cause MI. Cytotoxics such as 5-flurouracil, hydroxyurea, doxorubicin, cisplastin, vinca alkaloids and arsenic trioxide among others are known to cause MI, with higher incidences of MI seen in cancer patients. The current methods for diagnosing MI include chest x-ray, electrocardiography, echocardiography, positron-emission tomography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasonography, nuclear imaging and optical imaging among others. Some have drawbacks and this review is aimed to explore various techniques, which are noninvasive and also give early diagnosis of myocardial infarction. Optical imaging, shows high sensitivity combined with high speed, low cost and noninvasive potentials, seems to be a preferred imaging method for the future. Optical imaging agents are non-invasive and non-toxic, do not decay and can be stored on the shelf.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-90
Number of pages4
JournalLife of New Taipei City Medical Association
Volume19
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

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Myocardial Infarction
Optical Imaging
Thorax
Vinca Alkaloids
Hydroxyurea
Sudden Cardiac Death
Doxorubicin
Signs and Symptoms
Echocardiography
Cardiac Arrhythmias
Early Diagnosis
Shock
Ultrasonography
Electrocardiography
Heart Failure
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
X-Rays
Pathology
Pressure
Costs and Cost Analysis

Cite this

An overview for current imaging diagnosis of myocardial infarction. / Ekanem, Titus I; Chang, Nen-Chung; Lai, Wen-FuThomas.

In: Life of New Taipei City Medical Association, Vol. 19, 06.2013, p. 87-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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