從現實主義的「權力平衡」-觀點看越南外交政策

Translated title of the contribution: An Analysis of Vietnam's Foreign Policy from the Perspective of Balance of Power

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article seeks to analyze Vietnam's diplomatic policy through the conception of "balance of power" in realism. The argument of the article is the Vietnam's diplomatic situation has remained flexible under the perspective of "balance of power." Since the 1950s to 1990s, in order to receive external assistance against its major threat, Vietnam used the "balance of power" strategy, to cooperate with one power against another power, successfully won two wars and unified the country. During the Vietnam War (1959-75), North Vietnam balanced relations with its major allies: the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China against France and the United States. In 1978, Vietnam invaded Cambodia; it established even closer ties with the Soviet Union to destroy the Cambodia's Khmer Rouge regime and against China's invasion. Following the Cold War, there were fundamental changes in the global security system. Vietnam was aware of the transformation of balance of power in the Southeast Asia. Therefore, it changed its diplomatic strategies, withdrew its forces from Cambodia, rejoin the international community for its national interests. the Hanoi regime actively integrated itself into the international and regional organizations such as WTO and ASEAN and improved the relationship with the other countries to maintain and enhance the "balance of power" situation in the Southeast Asia. However, Vietnam still seeks to ally the other powers, the US, Japan and India, to balance the potential pressure from China.
Translated title of the contributionAn Analysis of Vietnam's Foreign Policy from the Perspective of Balance of Power
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)113-129
Number of pages17
Journal臺灣國際研究季刊
Volume10
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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