Amphetamine (AMPH) induces behavioral sensitization and neurotoxicity primarily by enhancing the dopamine-mediated neurotransmission. However, the involvement of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor in AMPH-induced neuropathology is also known. Recent investigation has found that high concentration of dopamine could inhibit NMDA receptor-mediated responses by blocking the NMDA receptor channel. By virtue of the structure similarity between dopamine and AMPH, we determined whether d-AMPH and its analogs, ??-AMPH and methamphetamine (MAMH), could affect the NMDA receptor-mediated [3H]N-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl] piperidine ([3H]TCP) binding in rat cortical membrane preparations and intracellular 45Ca2+ accumulation and cell death in the rat primary cortical cell cultures. AMPH concentration-dependently inhibited NMDA- and glycine-stimulated [3H]TCP binding and intracellular 45Ca2+ accumulation with two distinct potencies; a minor inhibition with high potency and a major inhibition with low potency. [3H]TCP binding suggested that the high-potency inhibition was produced by decreasing agonist-induced activation of the NMDA receptor channel. On the other hand, the low-potency inhibition was produced by competing with [3H]TCP binding in the NMDA receptor channel, like the action of noncompetitive antagonist of the NMDA receptor. However, AMPH analogs were less potent in inhibiting NMDA- and glycine-induced cultured cell death. Thus, this result indicates that AMPH could antagonize the NMDA receptor-mediated responses in vitro by two different mechanisms, probably, through directly interacting with two distinct sites on this receptor/channel complex.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
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