Oxaliplatin resistance is a major issue in the treatment of p53 mutant colorectal cancer (CRC). Finding the specific biomarkers would improve therapeutic efficacy of patients with CRC. In order to figure out the biomarker for CRC patients with mutant p53 access oxaliplatin, a Gene Expression Omnibus dataset (GSE42387) was used to determine differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) and Cytoscape software were used to predict protein-protein interactions. The Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery online tool was used to group the DEGs into their common pathways. 138 DEGs were identified with 46 upregulated and 92 downregulated. In the PPI networks, 7 of the upregulated genes and 13 of the downregulated genes were identified as hub genes (high degrees). Four hub genes, aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 family member (ALDH2), aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B1 (AKR1B1), aldo-keto reductase family 1 member B10 (AKR1B10), and monoglyceride lipase (MGLL) were enriched in the most significant pathway, glycerolipid metabolism. Further, we found that low expression of ALDH2 is correlated with poor overall survival and oxaliplatin resistance. Finally, we found that combined treatment with ALDH2 inhibitor and oxaliplatin will reduce the sensitivity to oxaliplatin in p53 mutant HT29 cells. In conclusion, we demonstrate that ALDH2 may be a biomarker for oxaliplatin resistance status in CRC patients and bring new insight into treatment strategy for p53 mutant CRC patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)