AIDS with acute cerebral infarct

A case report

Lin Hui Wu, Wei Hung Chen, Li Ming Lien, Chien Hsien Huang, Hou Chang Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 38 year-old male presented with an acute onset of left hemiplegia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a bright lesion by diffusion-weighted imaging with low apparent diffusion coefficient value in the right subcortical region, a finding compatible with an acute cerebral infarct. An old infarct was also noted in the same imaging. Both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot method were positive for human immunodeficiency virus infection. The white blood cell count was 2930 cells / mm3, and the subpopulation study for lymphocyte revealed a decreased cluster of differentiation 4+ count of 149 cells/mm3. Studies for prothrombotic states showed decreased protein S and increased anticardiolipin antibodies. We concluded that this was a case of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with acute and old cerebral infarcts. This patient might be the first reported case in Taiwan. AIDS might be related with stroke in young patients, a condition probably under-recognized in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-78
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurologica Taiwanica
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Taiwan
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Anticardiolipin Antibodies
Hemiplegia
Protein S
Lymphocyte Subsets
Virus Diseases
Leukocyte Count
Cell Count
Western Blotting
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Stroke
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
HIV
Brain

Keywords

  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Anticardiolipin antibodies
  • Cerebral infarct
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Protein S deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Wu, L. H., Chen, W. H., Lien, L. M., Huang, C. H., & Chiu, H. C. (2005). AIDS with acute cerebral infarct: A case report. Acta Neurologica Taiwanica, 14(2), 74-78.

AIDS with acute cerebral infarct : A case report. / Wu, Lin Hui; Chen, Wei Hung; Lien, Li Ming; Huang, Chien Hsien; Chiu, Hou Chang.

In: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica, Vol. 14, No. 2, 06.2005, p. 74-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wu, LH, Chen, WH, Lien, LM, Huang, CH & Chiu, HC 2005, 'AIDS with acute cerebral infarct: A case report', Acta Neurologica Taiwanica, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 74-78.
Wu LH, Chen WH, Lien LM, Huang CH, Chiu HC. AIDS with acute cerebral infarct: A case report. Acta Neurologica Taiwanica. 2005 Jun;14(2):74-78.
Wu, Lin Hui ; Chen, Wei Hung ; Lien, Li Ming ; Huang, Chien Hsien ; Chiu, Hou Chang. / AIDS with acute cerebral infarct : A case report. In: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica. 2005 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 74-78.
@article{f351a31e893a47e1b8d6a8a51e7be0ad,
title = "AIDS with acute cerebral infarct: A case report",
abstract = "A 38 year-old male presented with an acute onset of left hemiplegia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a bright lesion by diffusion-weighted imaging with low apparent diffusion coefficient value in the right subcortical region, a finding compatible with an acute cerebral infarct. An old infarct was also noted in the same imaging. Both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot method were positive for human immunodeficiency virus infection. The white blood cell count was 2930 cells / mm3, and the subpopulation study for lymphocyte revealed a decreased cluster of differentiation 4+ count of 149 cells/mm3. Studies for prothrombotic states showed decreased protein S and increased anticardiolipin antibodies. We concluded that this was a case of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with acute and old cerebral infarcts. This patient might be the first reported case in Taiwan. AIDS might be related with stroke in young patients, a condition probably under-recognized in Taiwan.",
keywords = "Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Anticardiolipin antibodies, Cerebral infarct, Human immunodeficiency virus, Protein S deficiency",
author = "Wu, {Lin Hui} and Chen, {Wei Hung} and Lien, {Li Ming} and Huang, {Chien Hsien} and Chiu, {Hou Chang}",
year = "2005",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "74--78",
journal = "Acta Neurologica Taiwanica",
issn = "1019-6099",
publisher = "Taiwan Neurological Society",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - AIDS with acute cerebral infarct

T2 - A case report

AU - Wu, Lin Hui

AU - Chen, Wei Hung

AU - Lien, Li Ming

AU - Huang, Chien Hsien

AU - Chiu, Hou Chang

PY - 2005/6

Y1 - 2005/6

N2 - A 38 year-old male presented with an acute onset of left hemiplegia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a bright lesion by diffusion-weighted imaging with low apparent diffusion coefficient value in the right subcortical region, a finding compatible with an acute cerebral infarct. An old infarct was also noted in the same imaging. Both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot method were positive for human immunodeficiency virus infection. The white blood cell count was 2930 cells / mm3, and the subpopulation study for lymphocyte revealed a decreased cluster of differentiation 4+ count of 149 cells/mm3. Studies for prothrombotic states showed decreased protein S and increased anticardiolipin antibodies. We concluded that this was a case of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with acute and old cerebral infarcts. This patient might be the first reported case in Taiwan. AIDS might be related with stroke in young patients, a condition probably under-recognized in Taiwan.

AB - A 38 year-old male presented with an acute onset of left hemiplegia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a bright lesion by diffusion-weighted imaging with low apparent diffusion coefficient value in the right subcortical region, a finding compatible with an acute cerebral infarct. An old infarct was also noted in the same imaging. Both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot method were positive for human immunodeficiency virus infection. The white blood cell count was 2930 cells / mm3, and the subpopulation study for lymphocyte revealed a decreased cluster of differentiation 4+ count of 149 cells/mm3. Studies for prothrombotic states showed decreased protein S and increased anticardiolipin antibodies. We concluded that this was a case of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) with acute and old cerebral infarcts. This patient might be the first reported case in Taiwan. AIDS might be related with stroke in young patients, a condition probably under-recognized in Taiwan.

KW - Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

KW - Anticardiolipin antibodies

KW - Cerebral infarct

KW - Human immunodeficiency virus

KW - Protein S deficiency

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=21544475278&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=21544475278&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 74

EP - 78

JO - Acta Neurologica Taiwanica

JF - Acta Neurologica Taiwanica

SN - 1019-6099

IS - 2

ER -