Adverse effects of bilateral lower limb ischemia-reperfusion on inducing kidney injuries in rats could be ameliorated by platonin

Kuei Yao Hsu, Cay Huyen Chen, Ping Chen Shih, Chun Jen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Bilateral lower limb ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) could cause significant oxidative stress, elicit inflammatory response, and subsequently induce kidney injury in animals. We tested the effects of platonin, a potent antioxidant, on mitigating the kidney injury induced by lower limb I/R in rats. Methods: Adult male rats were allocated to receive I/R or I/R plus platonin (100 μg/kg intravenous injection immediately after reperfusion), and denoted as the I/R or the I/R-P group, respectively (n = 10 in each group). Sham groups were run simultaneously. Bilateral lower limb I/R was achieved by applying rubber-band tourniquets high around each thigh for 3 hours, followed by reperfusion for 6 hours. After sacrifice, the level of kidney injury was assayed. Results: I/R significantly increased the plasma concentrations of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr). However, this effect could be mitigated by platonin, as the plasma concentrations of BUN and Cr of the I/R-P group were significantly lower than those of the I/R group. Moreover, histological findings revealed moderate injury in kidney tissues of the I/R group and mild injury in those of the I/R-P group. In addition, the leukocyte infiltration and myeloperoxidase activity in kidney tissues as well as the renal concentrations of inflammatory molecules (i.e., cyclooxygenase-2/prostaglandin E 2, interleukin-6, and macrophage inflammatory protein-2) and malondialdehyde (i.e., the index of lipid peroxidation) of the I/R group were significantly higher than those of the I/R-P group. Conclusion: Platonin attenuates kidney injury induced by bilateral lower limb I/R in rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica
Volume50
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reperfusion
Lower Extremity
Ischemia
Kidney
Wounds and Injuries
platonin
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Creatinine
Chemokine CXCL2
Tourniquets
Rubber
Cyclooxygenase 2
Thigh
Prostaglandins E
Malondialdehyde
Intravenous Injections
Lipid Peroxidation
Peroxidase
Interleukin-6
Oxidative Stress

Keywords

  • chemokines
  • cytokines
  • ischemia
  • malondialdehyde
  • prostaglandins: E
  • reperfusion injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Adverse effects of bilateral lower limb ischemia-reperfusion on inducing kidney injuries in rats could be ameliorated by platonin. / Hsu, Kuei Yao; Chen, Cay Huyen; Shih, Ping Chen; Huang, Chun Jen.

In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica, Vol. 50, No. 2, 06.2012, p. 63-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objectives: Bilateral lower limb ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) could cause significant oxidative stress, elicit inflammatory response, and subsequently induce kidney injury in animals. We tested the effects of platonin, a potent antioxidant, on mitigating the kidney injury induced by lower limb I/R in rats. Methods: Adult male rats were allocated to receive I/R or I/R plus platonin (100 μg/kg intravenous injection immediately after reperfusion), and denoted as the I/R or the I/R-P group, respectively (n = 10 in each group). Sham groups were run simultaneously. Bilateral lower limb I/R was achieved by applying rubber-band tourniquets high around each thigh for 3 hours, followed by reperfusion for 6 hours. After sacrifice, the level of kidney injury was assayed. Results: I/R significantly increased the plasma concentrations of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr). However, this effect could be mitigated by platonin, as the plasma concentrations of BUN and Cr of the I/R-P group were significantly lower than those of the I/R group. Moreover, histological findings revealed moderate injury in kidney tissues of the I/R group and mild injury in those of the I/R-P group. In addition, the leukocyte infiltration and myeloperoxidase activity in kidney tissues as well as the renal concentrations of inflammatory molecules (i.e., cyclooxygenase-2/prostaglandin E 2, interleukin-6, and macrophage inflammatory protein-2) and malondialdehyde (i.e., the index of lipid peroxidation) of the I/R group were significantly higher than those of the I/R-P group. Conclusion: Platonin attenuates kidney injury induced by bilateral lower limb I/R in rats.",
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KW - prostaglandins: E

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