急性外傷性脊髓損傷病人使用甲基去氫氧化可體松的併發症

Translated title of the contribution: Adverse Effect of Treatment with Methylprednisolone in Acute Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: A Pilot Study

Carlos Lam, Wen-Ta Chiu, Ming Fu Chiang, Cheng Yao Liu, Shin-Han Tsai, Mau-Roung Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study is intended to investigate the adverse effects with and without methylprednisolone treatment among 110 patients who had acute traumatic spinal cord injury and were treated in medical centers and regional hospitals during the period from June 1, 2000 to May 31, 2001.
METHOD: The data of 110 patients aged 16 through 90 years were collected and evaluated for in-hospital mortality and complications. The patients with isolated nerve-root disorder or open neck wound were excluded from the study. The patients were divided into two groups: those treated with methylprednisolone and those treated without methylprednisolone after hospital admission.
Comparisons of these two groups included 13 demographic and clinical characteristics: age; cause of injury; the number of associated injuries; time between injury and admission; severity of the spinal cord injury; level of the spinal cord injury; completeness of the spinal cord injury; mean blood pressure on admission; Revised Trauma Score on admission; Glasgow Coma Scale; number and type of spinal surgery; rehabilitation after admission.
RESULTS: Comparison between the group treated with methylprednisolone and the group treated without methylprednisolone shows the following results (methylprednisolone/without methylprednisolone):
Frequency of in-hospital complications: 1.29/0.87 (P=0.099). Number of patients who died in-hospital: 2/1 (P=0.714). Number of complications: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding: 6/1 (P=0.418). Neurogenic bladder: 25/10 (P=0.303). Respiratory failure: 9/4 (P=0.483). Pressure ulcer: 9/3 (P=0.534). Sepsis: 2/0 (P=0.538). Pneumonia: 12/4 (P=0.344). Urinary tract infection: 20/5 (P=0.066). Infectious complication: 42/17 (P0.038).
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that patients with spinal cord injury are more likely to have infectious complications if treated with methylprednisolone. However, there are no significant differences among mortality or other complications whether the patients receive or do not receive methylprednisolone treatment. This study also shows that the severity and completeness of spinal cord injury influence the development of infection significantly after use of methyiprednisolone.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)146-154
Number of pages9
Journal中華民國急救加護醫學會雜誌
Volume14
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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Methylprednisolone
Spinal Cord Injuries
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics
Neurogenic Urinary Bladder
Glasgow Coma Scale
Radiculopathy
Pressure Ulcer
Hospital Mortality
Urinary Tract Infections
Respiratory Insufficiency
Sepsis
Pneumonia
Neck
Rehabilitation
Demography
Hemorrhage
Blood Pressure
Mortality
Infection

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急性外傷性脊髓損傷病人使用甲基去氫氧化可體松的併發症. / Lam, Carlos; Chiu, Wen-Ta; Chiang, Ming Fu; Liu, Cheng Yao; Tsai, Shin-Han; Lin, Mau-Roung.

In: 中華民國急救加護醫學會雜誌, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2003, p. 146-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "急性外傷性脊髓損傷病人使用甲基去氫氧化可體松的併發症",
abstract = "使用甲基去氫氧化可體松(methylprednisolone,MP)來治療急性外傷性脊髓損傷,是否會對病人產生不利影響,仍有相當多爭論。本研究針對急性外傷性脊髓損傷病人接受該藥物治療後的併發症加以探討。研究對象是選擇自2000年6月至2001年5月共12個月間,首次住院的新發生脊髓損傷的110名病品性。收集包括人口學、臨床數據、治療方法共13項自變項,比較使用甲基去氫氧化可體松後併發症的發生是否有所差异,同時對各類別的并發症加以分析。結果顯示接受甲基去氫氧化可體松治療的病人,在住院中有較多的感染并發症(P=0.038),其中尿路感染的接近明顯的趨勢,但死亡率及其他并發症等指標,則無統計學上明顯差异。在分析病人特性時,發現脊髓傷害重度和完全度對甲基去氫氧化可體松使用後感染症的發生有明顯的影響,但對於該藥物的使用是否適合不同脊髓傷害嚴重度或不同完全度的患者,仍需求進一步探討。",
keywords = "外傷性脊髓損傷, 甲基去氫氧化可體松, 併發症, 感染, Methyiprednisolone, spinal cord injury, infectious complications",
author = "Carlos Lam and Wen-Ta Chiu and Chiang, {Ming Fu} and Liu, {Cheng Yao} and Shin-Han Tsai and Mau-Roung Lin",
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T1 - 急性外傷性脊髓損傷病人使用甲基去氫氧化可體松的併發症

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AU - Chiu, Wen-Ta

AU - Chiang, Ming Fu

AU - Liu, Cheng Yao

AU - Tsai, Shin-Han

AU - Lin, Mau-Roung

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N2 - 使用甲基去氫氧化可體松(methylprednisolone,MP)來治療急性外傷性脊髓損傷,是否會對病人產生不利影響,仍有相當多爭論。本研究針對急性外傷性脊髓損傷病人接受該藥物治療後的併發症加以探討。研究對象是選擇自2000年6月至2001年5月共12個月間,首次住院的新發生脊髓損傷的110名病品性。收集包括人口學、臨床數據、治療方法共13項自變項,比較使用甲基去氫氧化可體松後併發症的發生是否有所差异,同時對各類別的并發症加以分析。結果顯示接受甲基去氫氧化可體松治療的病人,在住院中有較多的感染并發症(P=0.038),其中尿路感染的接近明顯的趨勢,但死亡率及其他并發症等指標,則無統計學上明顯差异。在分析病人特性時,發現脊髓傷害重度和完全度對甲基去氫氧化可體松使用後感染症的發生有明顯的影響,但對於該藥物的使用是否適合不同脊髓傷害嚴重度或不同完全度的患者,仍需求進一步探討。

AB - 使用甲基去氫氧化可體松(methylprednisolone,MP)來治療急性外傷性脊髓損傷,是否會對病人產生不利影響,仍有相當多爭論。本研究針對急性外傷性脊髓損傷病人接受該藥物治療後的併發症加以探討。研究對象是選擇自2000年6月至2001年5月共12個月間,首次住院的新發生脊髓損傷的110名病品性。收集包括人口學、臨床數據、治療方法共13項自變項,比較使用甲基去氫氧化可體松後併發症的發生是否有所差异,同時對各類別的并發症加以分析。結果顯示接受甲基去氫氧化可體松治療的病人,在住院中有較多的感染并發症(P=0.038),其中尿路感染的接近明顯的趨勢,但死亡率及其他并發症等指標,則無統計學上明顯差异。在分析病人特性時,發現脊髓傷害重度和完全度對甲基去氫氧化可體松使用後感染症的發生有明顯的影響,但對於該藥物的使用是否適合不同脊髓傷害嚴重度或不同完全度的患者,仍需求進一步探討。

KW - 外傷性脊髓損傷

KW - 甲基去氫氧化可體松

KW - 併發症

KW - 感染

KW - Methyiprednisolone

KW - spinal cord injury

KW - infectious complications

M3 - 文章

VL - 14

SP - 146

EP - 154

JO - 中華民國急救加護醫學會雜誌

JF - 中華民國急救加護醫學會雜誌

SN - 1023-2214

IS - 4

ER -