Background: Few environmental epidemiological studies and no large multicity studies have evaluated the acute short-term health effects of ambient non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC), the essential precursors of ground-level ozone and secondary organic aerosol formation. Objective: We conducted this multicity time-series study in Taiwan to evaluate the association between airborne NMHC exposure and cardiorespiratory hospital admissions. Methods: We collected the daily mean concentrations of NMHC, fine particulate matter (PM2.5), ozone (O3), weather conditions, and daily hospital admission count for cardiorespiratory diseases between 2014 and 2017 from eight major cities of Taiwan. We applied an over-dispersed generalized additive Poisson model (GAM) with adjustment for temporal trends, seasonal variations, weather conditions, and calendar effects to compute the effect estimate for each city. Then we conducted a random-effects meta-analysis to pool the eight city-specific effect estimates to obtain the overall associations of NMHC exposure on lag0 day with hospital admissions for respiratory and circulatory diseases, respectively. Results: On average, a 0.1-ppm increase of lag0 NMHC demonstrated an overall 0.9% (95% CI: 0.4–1.3%) and 0.8% (95% CI: 0.4–1.2%) increment of hospital admissions for respiratory and circulatory diseases, respectively. Further analyses with adjustment for PM2.5 and O3 in the multi-pollutant model or sensitivity analyses with restricting the NMHC monitoring from the general stations only confirmed the robustness of the association between ambient NMHC exposure and cardiorespiratory hospitalizations. Conclusion: Our findings provide robust evidence of higher cardiorespiratory hospitalizations in association with acute exposure to ambient NMHC in eight major cities of Taiwan.
- Cardiorespiratory diseases
- Hospital admissions
- Multicity time-series study
- Non-methane hydrocarbons
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis