Objectives: This study constructed an Active Aging Index (AAI) for Vietnam and compares Vietnam’s AAI with those of China, Korea, Taiwan, and 28 countries in the European Union. Methods: A survey of 1,105 people aged 55 or above in three provinces from the northern, central, and southern parts of Vietnam was conducted. Active aging was measured using the AAI; its 22 indicators were grouped into four domains: employment, social participation, independent/healthy/secure living, and enabling environments. Results: Of the 32 countries reviewed, Vietnam ranked 11th. It ranked high for employment (1st) and social participation (5th) but low for independent/healthy/secure living (32nd) and enabling environments (26th). Conclusion: Three policy priorities were identified: maintaining a high preference-driven social and workforce participation rate among older adults; promoting medical care and healthy behaviors among older adults; and improving other poorly performing aspects of active aging, including voluntary activities, poverty risk, Internet usage, and lifelong learning.
- active aging index
- aging policy
- healthy aging
- older adults
- population aging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Health(social science)
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
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Active Aging Index in Vietnam Relative to China, South Korea, Taiwan, and 28 European Union Countries
Pham, T. (Contributor), Hsu, H. (Contributor), Zaidi, A. (Creator) & Chen, Y. (Creator), SAGE Journals, 2020
20191224_Supplementary_VAAI_vs_31_countries_R1 - Active Aging Index in Vietnam Relative to China, South Korea, Taiwan, and 28 European Union Countries
Hsu, H. (Contributor), Chen, Y. (Creator), Pham, T. (Contributor) & Zaidi, A. (Creator), SAGE Journals, 2020