Accuracy of three diagnostic tests used alone and in combination for detecting Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with bleeding gastric ulcers

Chien Chung Liao, Chia Long Lee, Yung Chih Lai, Shih Hung Huang, Shui Cheng Lee, Chi Hwa Wu, Tien Chien Tu, Tzen Kwan Chen, Chyi Huey Bai

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. Accuracy of diagnostic methods for detecting Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection among patients with bleeding peptic ulcers has not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic tests and their combined usage in detection of H. pylori infection in patients with bleeding gastric ulcers and without the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Methods. A total of 57 patients who presented with bleeding gastric ulcers by endoscopy were enrolled. The status of H. pylori was identified by performing the rapid urease test (RUT), histology and 13C-labeled urea breath test (UBT). The criteria for having H. pylori infection was a minimum of two positive tests. Results. The prevalence of H. pylori infection in our patient group was 80.7%. Among the three tests used: RUT, histology, and UBT, sensitivities were 56.5%, 97.8% and 100%, while specificities were 100%, 45.5% and 81.8%, respectively. The overall accuracies of the tests were 78.3%, 71.6% and 90.9%, respectively. Although UBT obtained significantly higher accuracy than histology (P=0.02) as opposed to RUT (P=0.11), UBT had significantly higher sensitivity than RUT (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1821-1826
Number of pages6
JournalChinese Medical Journal
Volume116
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Breath test
  • Diagnostic test
  • Gastric ulcer
  • Helicobacter pylori

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Liao, C. C., Lee, C. L., Lai, Y. C., Huang, S. H., Lee, S. C., Wu, C. H., Tu, T. C., Chen, T. K., & Bai, C. H. (2003). Accuracy of three diagnostic tests used alone and in combination for detecting Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with bleeding gastric ulcers. Chinese Medical Journal, 116(12), 1821-1826.