Accidents involving pedestrians with their backs to traffic or facing traffic: An evaluation of crash characteristics and injuries

Ping Ling Chen, Rong Chang Jou, Wafaa Saleh, Chih Wei Pai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary: This paper examines pedestrian anatomical injuries and crash characteristics in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes. Pedestrian crashes involving pedestrians walking along streets (i.e. with their backs to traffic or facing traffic) have been overlooked in literature. Although this is not the most frequent type of crash, the crash consequence to pedestrians is a safety concern. Combining Taiwan A1A2 police-reported accident data and data from the National Health Insurance Database from years 2003-2013, this paper examines anatomical injuries and crash characteristics in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes. There were a total of 830 and 2267 pedestrian casualties in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes respectively. The injuries sustained by pedestrians and crash characteristics of these two crash types were compared with those of other crossing types of crashes (nearside crash, nearside dart-out crash, offside crash, and offside dart-out crash). Odds of various injuries to body regions were estimated using logistic regressions. Key findings include that the percentage of fatalities in back-to-traffic crashes is the highest; logistic models reveal that pedestrians in back-to-traffic crashes sustained more head, neck, and spinal injuries than did pedestrians in other crash types, and unlit darkness and non-built-up roadways were associated with an increased risk of pedestrian head injuries. Several crash features (e.g. unlit darkness, overtaking manoeuvres, phone use by pedestrians and drivers, and intoxicated drivers) are more frequently evident in back-to-traffic crashes than in other types of crashes. The current research suggests that in terms of crash consequence, facing traffic is safer than back to traffic.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Advanced Transportation
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Facings
Accidents
Logistics
Health insurance
Law enforcement
Pedestrian
Crash
Evaluation

Keywords

  • Back-to-traffic
  • Crash characteristic
  • Facing-traffic
  • Injury
  • Pedestrian accident

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Automotive Engineering

Cite this

@article{08ea00d3540147b9940b4bbf7bc054a7,
title = "Accidents involving pedestrians with their backs to traffic or facing traffic: An evaluation of crash characteristics and injuries",
abstract = "Summary: This paper examines pedestrian anatomical injuries and crash characteristics in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes. Pedestrian crashes involving pedestrians walking along streets (i.e. with their backs to traffic or facing traffic) have been overlooked in literature. Although this is not the most frequent type of crash, the crash consequence to pedestrians is a safety concern. Combining Taiwan A1A2 police-reported accident data and data from the National Health Insurance Database from years 2003-2013, this paper examines anatomical injuries and crash characteristics in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes. There were a total of 830 and 2267 pedestrian casualties in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes respectively. The injuries sustained by pedestrians and crash characteristics of these two crash types were compared with those of other crossing types of crashes (nearside crash, nearside dart-out crash, offside crash, and offside dart-out crash). Odds of various injuries to body regions were estimated using logistic regressions. Key findings include that the percentage of fatalities in back-to-traffic crashes is the highest; logistic models reveal that pedestrians in back-to-traffic crashes sustained more head, neck, and spinal injuries than did pedestrians in other crash types, and unlit darkness and non-built-up roadways were associated with an increased risk of pedestrian head injuries. Several crash features (e.g. unlit darkness, overtaking manoeuvres, phone use by pedestrians and drivers, and intoxicated drivers) are more frequently evident in back-to-traffic crashes than in other types of crashes. The current research suggests that in terms of crash consequence, facing traffic is safer than back to traffic.",
keywords = "Back-to-traffic, Crash characteristic, Facing-traffic, Injury, Pedestrian accident",
author = "Chen, {Ping Ling} and Jou, {Rong Chang} and Wafaa Saleh and Pai, {Chih Wei}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1002/atr.1372",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Advanced Transportation",
issn = "0197-6729",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Accidents involving pedestrians with their backs to traffic or facing traffic

T2 - An evaluation of crash characteristics and injuries

AU - Chen, Ping Ling

AU - Jou, Rong Chang

AU - Saleh, Wafaa

AU - Pai, Chih Wei

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Summary: This paper examines pedestrian anatomical injuries and crash characteristics in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes. Pedestrian crashes involving pedestrians walking along streets (i.e. with their backs to traffic or facing traffic) have been overlooked in literature. Although this is not the most frequent type of crash, the crash consequence to pedestrians is a safety concern. Combining Taiwan A1A2 police-reported accident data and data from the National Health Insurance Database from years 2003-2013, this paper examines anatomical injuries and crash characteristics in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes. There were a total of 830 and 2267 pedestrian casualties in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes respectively. The injuries sustained by pedestrians and crash characteristics of these two crash types were compared with those of other crossing types of crashes (nearside crash, nearside dart-out crash, offside crash, and offside dart-out crash). Odds of various injuries to body regions were estimated using logistic regressions. Key findings include that the percentage of fatalities in back-to-traffic crashes is the highest; logistic models reveal that pedestrians in back-to-traffic crashes sustained more head, neck, and spinal injuries than did pedestrians in other crash types, and unlit darkness and non-built-up roadways were associated with an increased risk of pedestrian head injuries. Several crash features (e.g. unlit darkness, overtaking manoeuvres, phone use by pedestrians and drivers, and intoxicated drivers) are more frequently evident in back-to-traffic crashes than in other types of crashes. The current research suggests that in terms of crash consequence, facing traffic is safer than back to traffic.

AB - Summary: This paper examines pedestrian anatomical injuries and crash characteristics in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes. Pedestrian crashes involving pedestrians walking along streets (i.e. with their backs to traffic or facing traffic) have been overlooked in literature. Although this is not the most frequent type of crash, the crash consequence to pedestrians is a safety concern. Combining Taiwan A1A2 police-reported accident data and data from the National Health Insurance Database from years 2003-2013, this paper examines anatomical injuries and crash characteristics in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes. There were a total of 830 and 2267 pedestrian casualties in back-to-traffic and facing-traffic crashes respectively. The injuries sustained by pedestrians and crash characteristics of these two crash types were compared with those of other crossing types of crashes (nearside crash, nearside dart-out crash, offside crash, and offside dart-out crash). Odds of various injuries to body regions were estimated using logistic regressions. Key findings include that the percentage of fatalities in back-to-traffic crashes is the highest; logistic models reveal that pedestrians in back-to-traffic crashes sustained more head, neck, and spinal injuries than did pedestrians in other crash types, and unlit darkness and non-built-up roadways were associated with an increased risk of pedestrian head injuries. Several crash features (e.g. unlit darkness, overtaking manoeuvres, phone use by pedestrians and drivers, and intoxicated drivers) are more frequently evident in back-to-traffic crashes than in other types of crashes. The current research suggests that in terms of crash consequence, facing traffic is safer than back to traffic.

KW - Back-to-traffic

KW - Crash characteristic

KW - Facing-traffic

KW - Injury

KW - Pedestrian accident

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84960157123&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84960157123&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/atr.1372

DO - 10.1002/atr.1372

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84960157123

JO - Journal of Advanced Transportation

JF - Journal of Advanced Transportation

SN - 0197-6729

ER -