Abnormal mitochondrial function and impaired granulosa cell differentiation in androgen receptor knockout mice

Ruey Sheng Wang, Heng Yu Chang, Shu Huei Kao, Cheng Heng Kao, Yi Chen Wu, Shuyuan Yeh, Chii Reuy Tzeng, Chawnshang Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the ovary, the paracrine interactions between the oocyte and surrounded granulosa cells are critical for optimal oocyte quality and embryonic development. Mice lacking the androgen receptor (AR−/−) were noted to have reduced fertility with abnormal ovarian function that might involve the promotion of preantral follicle growth and prevention of follicular atresia. However, the detailed mechanism of how AR in granulosa cells exerts its effects on oocyte quality is poorly understood. Comparing in vitro maturation rate of oocytes, we found oocytes collected from AR−/− mice have a significantly poor maturating rate with 60% reached metaphase II and 30% remained in germinal vesicle breakdown stage, whereas 95% of wild-type AR (AR+/+) oocytes had reached metaphase II. Interestingly, we found these AR−/− female mice also had an increased frequency of morphological alterations in the mitochondria of granulosa cells with reduced ATP generation (0.18 ± 0.02 vs. 0.29 ± 0.02 μM/mg protein; p <0.05) and aberrant mitochondrial biogenesis. Mechanism dissection found loss of AR led to a significant decrease in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) co-activator 1-β (PGC1-β) and its sequential downstream genes, nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), in controlling mitochondrial biogenesis. These results indicate that AR may contribute to maintain oocyte quality and fertility via controlling the signals of PGC1-β-mediated mitochondrial biogenesis in granulosa cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9831-9849
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 30 2015

Fingerprint

knockout mice
gametocytes
Granulosa Cells
Androgen Receptors
Knockout Mice
Oocytes
Cell Differentiation
biological evolution
Nuclear Respiratory Factor 1
Organelle Biogenesis
cells
Dissection
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
Mitochondria
Transcription factors
fertility
mice
Adenosinetriphosphate
Metaphase
Fertility

Keywords

  • Androgen receptor
  • Granulosa cell
  • Mitochondria
  • PGC1-β

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computer Science Applications

Cite this

Abnormal mitochondrial function and impaired granulosa cell differentiation in androgen receptor knockout mice. / Wang, Ruey Sheng; Chang, Heng Yu; Kao, Shu Huei; Kao, Cheng Heng; Wu, Yi Chen; Yeh, Shuyuan; Tzeng, Chii Reuy; Chang, Chawnshang.

In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 5, 30.04.2015, p. 9831-9849.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Ruey Sheng ; Chang, Heng Yu ; Kao, Shu Huei ; Kao, Cheng Heng ; Wu, Yi Chen ; Yeh, Shuyuan ; Tzeng, Chii Reuy ; Chang, Chawnshang. / Abnormal mitochondrial function and impaired granulosa cell differentiation in androgen receptor knockout mice. In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 16, No. 5. pp. 9831-9849.
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