A tonsillectomy increased the risk of chronic rhinosinusitis among children: A three-year follow-up study

Shiu Dong Chung, Herng Ching Lin, Chuan Song Wu, Li Ting Kao, Shih Han Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives The study aimed to estimate the risk of developing chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) among children who had undergone a tonsillectomy by utilizing a cohort study based on a population-based database. Methods Data for this retrospective cohort study were sourced from the Taiwan ”Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2000”. We included 202 children who had undergone a tonsillectomy as the study group and 2020 sex- and age-matched children as the comparison group. We used stratified Cox proportional hazard regressions to calculate the hazard ratio (HR) and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) for CRS during the 3-year follow-up period. Results Of 2222 sampled children, the incidence rate of CRS during the 3-year follow-up period was 3.2 (95% CI = 2.0–4.8) 1000 person-years; 18.2 (95% CI = 9.1–32.5) per 1000 person-years and 1.7 (95% CI = 0.8–3.0) per 1000 person-years for the study and comparison group, respectively. The stratified Cox proportional analysis showed that the adjusted hazard ratio for CRS during the 3-year follow-up period was 8.28 (95% CI = 3.24–21.16) for children who had undergone a tonsillectomy than comparison patients. Conclusions We demonstrated that the risk of developing CRS is significantly increased among children who have undergone a tonsillectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-85
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016



  • Chronic rhinosinusitis
  • Epidemiology
  • Tonsillectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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