A stronger association of epicardial fat volume with non-valvular atrial fibrillation than measures of general obesity in chinese patients undergoing computed tomography coronary angiography

Jingqi Zhu, Zhangwei Yang, Xiaoli Chen, Jie Liu, Liang Zheng, Lin Zhang, Jingjiang Pi, Gang Li, Tao Zhuang, Chang Liu, Yinglu Wang, Liping Liu, Lieying Fan, Paul Chan, Brian Tomlinson, Ying Li, Zhongmin Liu, Yuzhen Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: An association of atrial fibrillation (AF) with epicardial fat volume (EFV) varied in different ethnic groups. We evaluated the AF-related risk factors and its association with pericardial fat in Chinese patients. Methods: Patients referred for coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in Shanghai East Hospital during 2012 to 2014 (n=2042, 43.8% women, mean age 65.0 years) had AF and cardiovascular risk assessment. Pericardial fat depots were measured from CT and the association of EFV with non-valvular AF risk factors was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression models. Results: AF was present in 8.5% of patients with 11.6% of AF patients having rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and 8.7% having other valvular diseases. With increasing age, the proportion of RHD-related AF decreased and the risk factors for non-valvular AF increased. There was a significantly higher proportion of risk factors for non-valvular AF in men than in women (p=0.008), but RHD-related AF was more prevalent in women than men (p=0.013). The patients with non-valvular AF had significantly higher BMI and EFV with more pronounced elevation of EFV (p<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression showed a significant association of EFV with AF after adjustment for BMI and clinical risk factors, and the highest EFV quartile was associated with AF independent of left atrial size and obstructive coronary artery disease. Conclusion: The association of EFV with non-valvular AF in Chinese patients was inde- pendent of generalized adiposity and clinical risk factors especially in highest EFV quartile. These findings support the growing appreciation of the association of EFV with AF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1223-1232
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Body mass index
  • Computed tomography
  • Echocardiography
  • Epicardial fat
  • Obesity
  • Pericardial fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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