A smoking cessation intervention among tuberculosis patients in rural China

Y. Lin, L-X Wang, L-X Qiu, Q. Huang, Q. Shu, H-X Lin, X. Meng, X-L. Zeng, L-X. Xiao, T.S. Bam, Chen-Yuan Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the integration of a smoking cessation intervention into routine tuberculosis (TB) services.

METHOD: Consecutive TB patients registered from 1 March to 31 August 2010 were enrolled in an intervention for self-reported smoking to promote tobacco cessation during treatment for TB. Information on the harmful health effects of tobacco smoke and smoking and TB were provided to TB patients who self-reported as current smokers. Smoking status was reassessed at every follow-up visit during anti-tuberculosis treatment with reinforced health messages and advice to quit.

RESULTS: Of 800 TB patients enrolled, 572 (71.5%) were male and 244 (30.5%) were current smokers. Females were more likely to be non-smokers (100% vs. 35.8%, P < 0.001). Of the 244 current smokers, 144 (59.0%) started smoking at <20 years, 197 (80.7%) consumed ⩾20 cigarettes per day, 211 (86.5%) had perceived smoking dependence and 199 (81.6%) had made no attempt to quit before the diagnosis of TB. Of the 244 current smokers, 234 (95.9%) were willing to quit, and 156 (66.7%) reported abstinence at month 6. Challenges to implementing smoking cessation intervention were identified.

CONCLUSION: The majority of current smokers among TB patients were willing to quit and remained abstinent at the end of anti-tuberculosis treatment. This intervention should be scaled up nationwide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-7
Number of pages5
JournalPublic Health Action
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 21 2015

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Smoking Cessation
China
Tuberculosis
Smoking
Tobacco Use Cessation
Withholding Treatment
Health
Smoke
Tobacco Products

Keywords

  • smoking
  • cessation
  • tuberculosis
  • China

Cite this

A smoking cessation intervention among tuberculosis patients in rural China. / Lin, Y.; Wang, L-X; Qiu, L-X ; Huang, Q.; Shu, Q.; Lin, H-X; Meng, X.; Zeng, X-L.; Xiao, L-X.; Bam, T.S.; Chiang, Chen-Yuan.

In: Public Health Action, Vol. 5, No. 3, 21.09.2015, p. 183-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Y, Wang, L-X, Qiu, L-X, Huang, Q, Shu, Q, Lin, H-X, Meng, X, Zeng, X-L, Xiao, L-X, Bam, TS & Chiang, C-Y 2015, 'A smoking cessation intervention among tuberculosis patients in rural China', Public Health Action, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 183-7. https://doi.org/10.5588/pha.15.0025
Lin, Y. ; Wang, L-X ; Qiu, L-X ; Huang, Q. ; Shu, Q. ; Lin, H-X ; Meng, X. ; Zeng, X-L. ; Xiao, L-X. ; Bam, T.S. ; Chiang, Chen-Yuan. / A smoking cessation intervention among tuberculosis patients in rural China. In: Public Health Action. 2015 ; Vol. 5, No. 3. pp. 183-7.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To assess the integration of a smoking cessation intervention into routine tuberculosis (TB) services.METHOD: Consecutive TB patients registered from 1 March to 31 August 2010 were enrolled in an intervention for self-reported smoking to promote tobacco cessation during treatment for TB. Information on the harmful health effects of tobacco smoke and smoking and TB were provided to TB patients who self-reported as current smokers. Smoking status was reassessed at every follow-up visit during anti-tuberculosis treatment with reinforced health messages and advice to quit.RESULTS: Of 800 TB patients enrolled, 572 (71.5{\%}) were male and 244 (30.5{\%}) were current smokers. Females were more likely to be non-smokers (100{\%} vs. 35.8{\%}, P < 0.001). Of the 244 current smokers, 144 (59.0{\%}) started smoking at <20 years, 197 (80.7{\%}) consumed ⩾20 cigarettes per day, 211 (86.5{\%}) had perceived smoking dependence and 199 (81.6{\%}) had made no attempt to quit before the diagnosis of TB. Of the 244 current smokers, 234 (95.9{\%}) were willing to quit, and 156 (66.7{\%}) reported abstinence at month 6. Challenges to implementing smoking cessation intervention were identified.CONCLUSION: The majority of current smokers among TB patients were willing to quit and remained abstinent at the end of anti-tuberculosis treatment. This intervention should be scaled up nationwide.",
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AU - Meng, X.

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the integration of a smoking cessation intervention into routine tuberculosis (TB) services.METHOD: Consecutive TB patients registered from 1 March to 31 August 2010 were enrolled in an intervention for self-reported smoking to promote tobacco cessation during treatment for TB. Information on the harmful health effects of tobacco smoke and smoking and TB were provided to TB patients who self-reported as current smokers. Smoking status was reassessed at every follow-up visit during anti-tuberculosis treatment with reinforced health messages and advice to quit.RESULTS: Of 800 TB patients enrolled, 572 (71.5%) were male and 244 (30.5%) were current smokers. Females were more likely to be non-smokers (100% vs. 35.8%, P < 0.001). Of the 244 current smokers, 144 (59.0%) started smoking at <20 years, 197 (80.7%) consumed ⩾20 cigarettes per day, 211 (86.5%) had perceived smoking dependence and 199 (81.6%) had made no attempt to quit before the diagnosis of TB. Of the 244 current smokers, 234 (95.9%) were willing to quit, and 156 (66.7%) reported abstinence at month 6. Challenges to implementing smoking cessation intervention were identified.CONCLUSION: The majority of current smokers among TB patients were willing to quit and remained abstinent at the end of anti-tuberculosis treatment. This intervention should be scaled up nationwide.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To assess the integration of a smoking cessation intervention into routine tuberculosis (TB) services.METHOD: Consecutive TB patients registered from 1 March to 31 August 2010 were enrolled in an intervention for self-reported smoking to promote tobacco cessation during treatment for TB. Information on the harmful health effects of tobacco smoke and smoking and TB were provided to TB patients who self-reported as current smokers. Smoking status was reassessed at every follow-up visit during anti-tuberculosis treatment with reinforced health messages and advice to quit.RESULTS: Of 800 TB patients enrolled, 572 (71.5%) were male and 244 (30.5%) were current smokers. Females were more likely to be non-smokers (100% vs. 35.8%, P < 0.001). Of the 244 current smokers, 144 (59.0%) started smoking at <20 years, 197 (80.7%) consumed ⩾20 cigarettes per day, 211 (86.5%) had perceived smoking dependence and 199 (81.6%) had made no attempt to quit before the diagnosis of TB. Of the 244 current smokers, 234 (95.9%) were willing to quit, and 156 (66.7%) reported abstinence at month 6. Challenges to implementing smoking cessation intervention were identified.CONCLUSION: The majority of current smokers among TB patients were willing to quit and remained abstinent at the end of anti-tuberculosis treatment. This intervention should be scaled up nationwide.

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