A retrospective study on the long-term placement of peripherally inserted central catheters and the importance of nursing care and education

Ting-Kai Leung, Chi-Ming Lee, Cheng Jeng Tai, Yueh Ling Liang, Chia Chin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) have been used for years in Taiwan, but their broad usage has been restricted by their short durability and complications. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the most important factors causing failure of PICCs by comparing 2 periods of retrospectively studied cases before and after we implemented nursing care improvements. Methods: We analyzed possible factors affecting the length of the insertion period, according to the reasons for catheter withdrawal after insertion, self-care ability, coagulation status, and other factors. We reviewed 2 different periods of PICC insertions at our hospital (133 and 143 cases, respectively) before and after an announcement of nursing educational comprehensive guidelines for post-PICC care. Results: In the first period, the most common complication due to PICC placement was wound oozing (24.7%), followed by infection/phlebitis (9.7%), occlusion (6.7%), and leaking (3.8%). In the second period, comprehensive educational guidelines for post-PICC manipulation were provided. The outcomes of PICC insertions significantly improved from 33.8% in the first period to 64.3% in the second period (odds ratio, 3.53), and the complication rates of persistent oozing (7%), infection (4.2%), and occlusion (2.8%) significantly decreased. Conclusions: Changes in nursing care provided in the period 2 contributed to improvements in the success rate of PICC. Implications for Practice: This is the first study suggesting that cancer nursing practice for PICC could benefit from professional guidelines that reinforce in-service education, strict control of PICC candidates without risk of coagulopathies, and a special nursing care system for patients with poor self-care ability.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCancer Nursing
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

Fingerprint

Nursing Education
Nursing Care
Catheters
Retrospective Studies
Guidelines
Self Care
Oncology Nursing
Phlebitis
Infection
Taiwan
Nursing
Odds Ratio
Education

Keywords

  • Catheter indwelling period
  • central catheters
  • Nurse care education
  • Peripherally inserted
  • PICCs
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)

Cite this

A retrospective study on the long-term placement of peripherally inserted central catheters and the importance of nursing care and education. / Leung, Ting-Kai; Lee, Chi-Ming; Tai, Cheng Jeng; Liang, Yueh Ling; Lin, Chia Chin.

In: Cancer Nursing, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) have been used for years in Taiwan, but their broad usage has been restricted by their short durability and complications. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the most important factors causing failure of PICCs by comparing 2 periods of retrospectively studied cases before and after we implemented nursing care improvements. Methods: We analyzed possible factors affecting the length of the insertion period, according to the reasons for catheter withdrawal after insertion, self-care ability, coagulation status, and other factors. We reviewed 2 different periods of PICC insertions at our hospital (133 and 143 cases, respectively) before and after an announcement of nursing educational comprehensive guidelines for post-PICC care. Results: In the first period, the most common complication due to PICC placement was wound oozing (24.7{\%}), followed by infection/phlebitis (9.7{\%}), occlusion (6.7{\%}), and leaking (3.8{\%}). In the second period, comprehensive educational guidelines for post-PICC manipulation were provided. The outcomes of PICC insertions significantly improved from 33.8{\%} in the first period to 64.3{\%} in the second period (odds ratio, 3.53), and the complication rates of persistent oozing (7{\%}), infection (4.2{\%}), and occlusion (2.8{\%}) significantly decreased. Conclusions: Changes in nursing care provided in the period 2 contributed to improvements in the success rate of PICC. Implications for Practice: This is the first study suggesting that cancer nursing practice for PICC could benefit from professional guidelines that reinforce in-service education, strict control of PICC candidates without risk of coagulopathies, and a special nursing care system for patients with poor self-care ability.",
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