A prospective study of joint function and the quality of life of patients undergoing total joint replacement

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Abstract

Aims: To investigate joint functioning and the quality of life (QOL) before and after total knee and total hip replacement and the factors that influence the QOL. Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted between August 2015 and January 2017. A questionnaire composed of the EQ-5D, Oxford Hip Score, and Oxford Knee Score was used to collect data before surgery and 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery. Results: A repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed significant differences in the EQ-5D utility index between the preoperative and all 3 postoperative periods (F = 124.195, P <.05). There were significant differences in knee functioning (F = 133.859, P <.05) and hip functioning (F = 34.717, P <.05) between the preoperative and all 3 postoperative periods. The EQ-5D utility index was significantly higher among patients undergoing total knee replacement than those undergoing total hip replacement (F = 15.490, P <.05) and higher among female than male patients (F = 7.613, P <.05). A positive correlation between the QOL and the perceived convenience of living at home was observed (P <.05). Conclusions: The findings are expected to inform patient education for patients undergoing arthroplasty surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12675
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Practice
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

Fingerprint

Replacement Arthroplasties
Knee
Hip Replacement Arthroplasties
Joints
Quality of Life
Prospective Studies
Patient Education
Postoperative Period
Hip
Knee Replacement Arthroplasties
Arthroplasty
Longitudinal Studies
Analysis of Variance

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip/surgery
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Taiwan

Cite this

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title = "A prospective study of joint function and the quality of life of patients undergoing total joint replacement",
abstract = "Aims: To investigate joint functioning and the quality of life (QOL) before and after total knee and total hip replacement and the factors that influence the QOL. Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted between August 2015 and January 2017. A questionnaire composed of the EQ-5D, Oxford Hip Score, and Oxford Knee Score was used to collect data before surgery and 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery. Results: A repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed significant differences in the EQ-5D utility index between the preoperative and all 3 postoperative periods (F = 124.195, P <.05). There were significant differences in knee functioning (F = 133.859, P <.05) and hip functioning (F = 34.717, P <.05) between the preoperative and all 3 postoperative periods. The EQ-5D utility index was significantly higher among patients undergoing total knee replacement than those undergoing total hip replacement (F = 15.490, P <.05) and higher among female than male patients (F = 7.613, P <.05). A positive correlation between the QOL and the perceived convenience of living at home was observed (P <.05). Conclusions: The findings are expected to inform patient education for patients undergoing arthroplasty surgery.",
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N2 - Aims: To investigate joint functioning and the quality of life (QOL) before and after total knee and total hip replacement and the factors that influence the QOL. Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted between August 2015 and January 2017. A questionnaire composed of the EQ-5D, Oxford Hip Score, and Oxford Knee Score was used to collect data before surgery and 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery. Results: A repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed significant differences in the EQ-5D utility index between the preoperative and all 3 postoperative periods (F = 124.195, P <.05). There were significant differences in knee functioning (F = 133.859, P <.05) and hip functioning (F = 34.717, P <.05) between the preoperative and all 3 postoperative periods. The EQ-5D utility index was significantly higher among patients undergoing total knee replacement than those undergoing total hip replacement (F = 15.490, P <.05) and higher among female than male patients (F = 7.613, P <.05). A positive correlation between the QOL and the perceived convenience of living at home was observed (P <.05). Conclusions: The findings are expected to inform patient education for patients undergoing arthroplasty surgery.

AB - Aims: To investigate joint functioning and the quality of life (QOL) before and after total knee and total hip replacement and the factors that influence the QOL. Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted between August 2015 and January 2017. A questionnaire composed of the EQ-5D, Oxford Hip Score, and Oxford Knee Score was used to collect data before surgery and 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery. Results: A repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed significant differences in the EQ-5D utility index between the preoperative and all 3 postoperative periods (F = 124.195, P <.05). There were significant differences in knee functioning (F = 133.859, P <.05) and hip functioning (F = 34.717, P <.05) between the preoperative and all 3 postoperative periods. The EQ-5D utility index was significantly higher among patients undergoing total knee replacement than those undergoing total hip replacement (F = 15.490, P <.05) and higher among female than male patients (F = 7.613, P <.05). A positive correlation between the QOL and the perceived convenience of living at home was observed (P <.05). Conclusions: The findings are expected to inform patient education for patients undergoing arthroplasty surgery.

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